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why was philip ii important

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Why Was Philip Ii Important?

Philip was the self-proclaimed protector of the Roman Catholic Church. He sought to limit the spread of Protestantism, and he ultimately completed the work of unification begun by Ferdinand and Isabella (the “Catholic Monarchs”) in the Iberian Peninsula. Read more about the house of Habsburg and the Habsburg dynasty.

What was Philip II major accomplishments?

King Philip II of Spain, also known as Philip the Prudent, ruled one of the world’s largest empires. His reign as Spain’s king began the Golden Age, a period of great cultural growth in literature, music and the visual arts. He was also the King of England through his marriage to Mary Tudor for four years.

What did Philip II of France do?

Philip II Augustus was the king of France from 1180 to 1223. He made the Crown more powerful than any feudal king, expanded the royal domain significantly, and, most importantly, turned the balance of power between France and England in favor of France.

How did Philip the second strengthen his control over Spain?

To strengthen his control, Philip insisted on strict conformity to Catholicism and strong monarchical authority. During the late Middle Ages, Catholic kingdoms in Spain had reconquered Muslim areas there and expelled the Spanish Jews.

Was Philip II a hero or a villain?

Philip II of Spain inherited the Kingdoms of Spain, Naples, and the Netherlands from his father Charles V. As a prince, he was briefly married to Mary I of England, and has ever since been regarded as a villain to English Protestants.

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How did Philip establish control over France?

He checked the power of the nobles and helped the towns free themselves from seigneurial authority, granting privileges and liberties to the emergent bourgeoisie. He built a great wall around Paris (“the Wall of Philip II Augustus”), re-organized the French government and brought financial stability to his country.

Why was the reign of Philip II Augustus important to the growth of the French monarchy?

King Philip ii Augustus was important to the growth of the french army because he increased the power of the army and French monarchy.

What did Philip IV do?

Philip IV (1268-1314), called Philip the Fair, ruled France from 1285 to 1314. His reign was one of the most momentous in medieval history because Philip successfully challenged the traditional power of the papacy in France, thereby strengthening the monarchy.

How did Philip II influence the nation?

Philip was the self-proclaimed protector of the Roman Catholic Church. He sought to limit the spread of Protestantism, and he ultimately completed the work of unification begun by Ferdinand and Isabella (the “Catholic Monarchs”) in the Iberian Peninsula. Read more about the house of Habsburg and the Habsburg dynasty.

What did Philip 2 believe would happen if Spanish forces invaded England?

How did Spain see itself, based on its Catholic heritage? … What did Philip II believe would happen if Spanish forces invaded England? he believed a successful invasion would mean the over throw of Protestantism. What was Spain’s economy dependent on?

What were Philip II policies?

Foreign policy of Philip II. For the first 20 years of his reign, Philip sought to preserve peace with his neighbours in western Europe. He was fighting a major naval war with the Ottoman Empire in the Mediterranean and, from 1568, he was faced with rebellion and war in the Netherlands.

Was Philip II of Spain an absolute monarch?

Philip II, as head of the government of Spain, believed in the divine right of monarchs and used this to justify a number of immoral and illegal acts, such as ordering murders. Philip developed a system of regional self-government with viceroys answering to him and he ruled as an absolute monarch.

What are some ways King Philip II further strengthened the Kings power in France?

He strengthened the monarchy by recruited soldiers, collected taxes and centralized power. He also gave jobs to middle class men, which helped them gain trust and more power. 7. How did Louis’s persecution of the Huguenots harm France?

How did Philip the second strengthen royal authority in France?

How did Henry II of England and Philip II of France strengthen royal authority in their respective countries? By appointing royal officials, they elected taxes, inforced rights tied into king not lords, Why did Europeans join the Crusades?

How were Charles V and Philip II alike and different in their goals of ensuring absolute power and strengthening Catholicism?

How were Charles v and Philip ii alike and different in their goals of ensuring absolute power and strengthening catholicism? They both wanted to stop Protestantism, they felt a call in life and it was to strengthen the church. … He protected Protestants and he issued the Edict of Nantes giving them religious freedoms.

Did King Philip of France try to invade England?

In 1202, Philip II launched an invasion of Normandy, culminating in the six month-long Siege of Château Gaillard, which led to the conquest of the duchy and of neighbouring territories.

Anglo-French War (1213–1214)
Anglo-French War
Philip II of France John, King of England Emperor Otto IV Renaud of Boulogne Henry I, Duke of Brabant
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What caused the battle of bouvines?

Its objective was to reverse the conquests made by Philip earlier in his reign. After initial manoeuvring in late July, battle was offered near Bouvines on 27 July. … Otto fled the battle and his knightly followers were defeated by the French knights, who went on to capture the Imperial eagle standard.

Is knightfall a true story?

Knightfall is based on the time period of the Crusades, and the series is partially accurate and partially pure, fabricated fiction. The setting for Knightfall is the Crusades, which took place in the thirteenth century.

Was Landry a Templar?

Landry is described as the courageous, headstrong leader of the Knights Templar, a real Catholic military order that traces back to the 12th century. As a boy, Landry was left at the steps of an orphanage, where he was found by nuns and brought up in the church.

What caused the conflict between Philip IV of France and Pope Boniface VIII?

What caused the conflict between Philip IV of France and Pope Boniface VIII? Philip IV started to collect new taxes from the clergy and pope Boniface VIII forbade imposing taxes on the clergy without papal consent. … It was set up by King Philip IV. It never really gained power.

How did Philip II influence the art of Spain’s Golden Age?

Philip II influenced the art of Spain’s golden age by providing financial support to artists.

How did Charles V and Philip II use their power?

How did Charles V and Philip II use their power? They strengthened the Roman Catholic Church and fought many wars to maintain Spain’s power.

Why is Charles II described as a constitutional monarchy?

A constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a king or queen reigns with limits to their power along with a governing body (i.e. Parliament), giving rise to the modern adage “the Queen reigns but does not rule”. During the reign of Charles II, Parliament passed the Habeas Corpus. …

Why was Philip II the most Catholic King?

Why was Philip II called “the most catholic king”? Philip II was considered the most catholic king because he had way more power in the catholic church than anyone else. Even the protestants did not have as much power as him in the church. Philip II was the ruler of the church and the state.

How did Philip II protect Catholicism?

He enforced the decrees of the Council of Trent in Spain and employed the Spanish Inquisition to eradicate heresy and monitor the progress of the reform programme. Moreover, Philip actively defended and promoted the interests of Catholicism beyond Spain’s borders.

How did Philip II lead to the decline of the Spanish Empire?

Under Philip, Spain suffered great industrial and commercial losses. Spain’s unsound system of taxation finally brought about its downfall. The taxation system ruined the agriculture and the industry of the country. … But the Spanish Kings not only destroyed the economy of these colonies, but also uprooted the natives.

What did Philip II do economically?

Philip never raised enough cash to cover his expenditure and as a result had to declare state ‘bankruptcies’ in 1557, 1560, 1576 and 1596. As the reign went on Spain’s economic problems grew worse and eventually Spain had amassed a debt of 85.5 million ducats whilst his average annual income was 9.7 million.

Why might the overthrow of Protestantism in England have been important to Philip II?

Why might the overthrow of Protestantism in England have been important to Philip II? The overthrow of Protestantism in England would increase diplomatic relations and bring England back into church politics in which they would have to obey the pope.

Was Philip II Holy Roman Emperor?

The son of Emperor Charles V and Isabella of Portugal, Philip inherited his father’s Spanish Empire in 1556 and succeeded to the Portuguese throne in 1580 following a dynastic crisis.

Philip II of Spain.
Philip II
House Habsburg
Father Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Isabella of Portugal
Religion Roman Catholicism
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How did Charles V and Philip II expand the Spanish state?

How sis Charles V and Philip II expand the Spanish state? They fought wars and tried to expand Catholicism. How were citizens’ rights determined under the absolute monarchies in Spain and France? By the ruling monarch.

PHILIP II AND THE SPANISH EMPIRE

Philip II of Spain: Everything you need to know…

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