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Who Initially Proposed The Idea Of Convection Currents As A Driving Force For Continental Drift??

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Who Initially Proposed The Idea Of Convection Currents As A Driving Force For Continental Drift??

The hypothesis of continental drift was largely developed by Alfred L. Wegener, a German lecturer in astronomy and meteorology, who suggested that the Earth’s continents had at one time been joined.The hypothesis of continental drift was largely developed by Alfred L. Wegener, a German lecturer in astronomy and meteorology, who suggested that the Earth’s continents had at one time been joined.

Who proposed the idea for continental drift?

scientist Alfred Wegener
The theory of continental drift is most associated with the scientist Alfred Wegener. In the early 20th century, Wegener published a paper explaining his theory that the continental landmasses were “drifting” across the Earth, sometimes plowing through oceans and into each other.Jun 1, 2015

Who is the father of continental drift?

Alfred Wegener
Alfred Wegener: The Father of Continental Drift.

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What theory was proposed by Harry Hess?

Sea Floor Spreading
He published ‘The History of Ocean Basins’ in 1962, in which he outlined a theory that could explain how the continents could actually drift. This theory later became known as ‘Sea Floor Spreading’.

What is convection current in tectonic plates?

Convection currents describe the rising, spread, and sinking of gas, liquid, or molten material caused by the application of heat. … Tremendous heat and pressure within the earth cause the hot magma to flow in convection currents. These currents cause the movement of the tectonic plates that make up the earth’s crust.

Who were the two scientist who proposed the theory of seafloor?

The idea that the seafloor itself moves and also carries the continents with it as it spreads from a central rift axis was proposed by Harold Hammond Hess from Princeton University and Robert Dietz of the U.S. Naval Electronics Laboratory in San Diego in the 1960s.

When did Alfred Wegener discover continental drift?

Wegener was a German meteorologist, geophysicist and polar researcher. In 1915 he published ‘The Origin of Continents and Oceans’, which outlined his theory of Continental Drift.

Why did scientists reject Wegener’s idea of continental drift?

The main reason that Wegener’s hypothesis was not accepted was because he suggested no mechanism for moving the continents. He thought the force of Earth’s spin was sufficient to cause continents to move, but geologists knew that rocks are too strong for this to be true.

What did Harry Hess contribute to the continental drift idea?

Supporting Wegener’s theory of continental drift, Hess explained how the once-joined continents had separated into the seven that exist today. The continents don’t change dramatically or move independently, but are transported by the shifting tectonic plates on which they rest.

Who discovered and proposed that the origin of the plate would be at the Mid Oceanic Ridge?

Alfred Wegener proposed the theory of continental drift in 1912. He stated: “the Mid-Atlantic Ridge …

How did Harry Hess prove continental drift?

Alfred Wegener produced evidence in 1912 that the continents are in motion, but because he could not explain what forces could move them, geologists rejected his ideas. Almost 50 years later Harry Hess confirmed Wegener’s ideas by using the evidence of seafloor spreading to explain what moved continents.

How is a convection current formed?

Convection currents are the result of differential heating. Lighter (less dense), warm material rises while heavier (more dense) cool material sinks. It is this movement that creates circulation patterns known as convection currents in the atmosphere, in water, and in the mantle of Earth.

How does convection current start?

Convection currents form because a heated fluid expands, becoming less dense. … As it rises, it pulls cooler fluid down to replace it. This fluid in turn is heated, rises and pulls down more cool fluid. This cycle establishes a circular current that stops only when heat is evenly distributed throughout the fluid.

How do convection currents related to plate movement?

The convection currents move the plates. Where convection currents diverge near the Earth’s crust, plates move apart. Where convection currents converge, plates move towards each other. The movement of the plates, and the activity inside the Earth, is called plate tectonics .

What was Alfred Wegener claim?

Continental drift was a theory that explained how continents shift position on Earth’s surface. Set forth in 1912 by Alfred Wegener, a geophysicist and meteorologist, continental drift also explained why look-alike animal and plant fossils, and similar rock formations, are found on different continents.

Who were the two scientists who proposed the theory of seafloor spreading in the early 90s 80s?

Heezen published the concept of mid-ocean ridges. Soon after this, Robert S. Dietz and Harry H. Hess proposed that the oceanic crust forms as the seafloor spreads apart along mid-ocean ridges in seafloor spreading.

Which theory states that the Earth’s lithosphere is broken into plates that move by convection currents in the mantle?

The theory of plate tectonics states that the Earth’s solid outer crust, the lithosphere, is separated into plates that move over the asthenosphere, the molten upper portion of the mantle.

Who is Alfred Wegener And what did he discover?

Alfred Wegener proposed the theory of continental drift – the idea that Earth’s continents move. Despite publishing a large body of compelling fossil and rock evidence for his theory between 1912 and 1929, it was rejected by most other scientists.

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Who was Alfred Wegener And what did he theorize?

Alfred Wegener was a German meteorologist who achieved fame for his theory of continental drift. This was a theory he put forth in 1912 that the continents had not always been in their present locations, but instead, drifted across the ocean towards and away from each other.

Who discovered Pangea?

meteorologist Alfred Wegener
German meteorologist Alfred Wegener first presented the concept of Pangea (meaning “all lands”) along with the first comprehensive theory of continental drift, the idea that Earth’s continents slowly move relative to one another, at a conference in 1912 and later in his book The Origin of Continents and Oceans (1915).

What is the driving force behind the convection occurring in the Earth’s mantle?

Explanation: The heat produced in the interior of the earth is thought to be the driving force behind plate tectonics. That heat creates convections currents that can be observed in volumes of air and liquid is a known fact. There is substantial evidence that heat is produced in the core and mantle of the earth.

What is the driving force for the movement of Earth’s plates?

Heat and gravity are fundamental to the process

The energy source for plate tectonics is Earth’s internal heat while the forces moving the plates are the “ridge push” and “slab pull” gravity forces.

What theory was discovered that could explain the movement of tectonic plates?

The theory of plate tectonics revolutionized the earth sciences by explaining how the movement of geologic plates causes mountain building, volcanoes, and earthquakes.

Who was the American geologist that proposed the seafloor spreading?

Harry H. Hess
The seafloor spreading hypothesis was proposed by the American geophysicist Harry H. Hess in 1960.

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Which scientists contributed to the plate tectonic theory?

The “Father of Plate Tectonics”, Alfred Wegener proposed “Continental Drift” in 1912, but was ridiculed by fellow scientists. It would take another 50 years for the concept to be accepted.

Who were the two scientists that brought forth supporting evidence to Wegener’s theory and what was their evidence?

Who were the two scientist that brought forth supporting evidence to Wagner’s theory, and what was their evidence? Harry Hess developed the theory of Plate tectonics and Arthur Holmes came up with the theory that thermal convection caused the continents to move.

When was plate tectonic theory finally accepted in the geoscience field?

By 1966 most scientists in geology accepted the theory of plate tectonics. The root of this was Alfred Wegener’s 1912 publication of his theory of continental drift, which was a controversy in the field through the 1950s.

Who is Harry Hess What is the best known for?

plate tectonics
Harry Hammond Hess (May 24, 1906 – August 25, 1969) was an American geologist and a United States Navy officer in World War II who is considered one of the “founding fathers” of the unifying theory of plate tectonics.

What is convection current theory?

Convection currents, that occur within the molten rock in the mantle, act like a conveyor belt for the plates. Tectonic plates move in different directions. … The friction between the convection current and the crust causes the tectonic plate to move. The liquid rock then sinks back towards the core as it cools.

Where do scientists think that convection currents flow?

Earth’s hot core and mantle provide a source of heat that drives convection currents in the asthenosphere. The asthenosphere is a layer of the upper mantle that can flow very slowly. The soft, plastic material of the asthenosphere slowly rises, spreads out, and pushes cooler material out of the way.

MECHANISM OF PLATE TECTONICS: CONVECTION CURRENT, SLAB PULL & RIDGE PUSH | SCIENCE 10 – Week 7

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