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where is the desert located

Where Is The Desert Located?

Hot and dry deserts can be found in North America, Central America, South America, southern Asia, Africa, and Australia. Well-known hot and dry deserts include the Mojave and the Sahara.

Where is the desert usually located?

Geographically speaking, most deserts are found on the western sides of continents or—in the case of the Sahara, Arabian, and Gobi deserts and the smaller deserts of Asia—are located far from the coast in the Eurasian interior. They tend to occur under the eastern sides of major subtropical high-pressure cells.

Why are deserts located where they are?

Some deserts are found on the western edges of continents. They are caused by cold ocean currents, which run along the coast. They cool the air and make it harder for the air to hold moisture. … Some deserts form in the rain shadow of mountains, eg the Atacama Desert is located in the rain shadow of the Andes.

Which country has a desert?

Deserts of the World
Name of the Desert Extends into countries
Sahara Desert Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia
Atacama Chile, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina
Kalahari Desert Botswana, Namibia, South Africa
Arabian Desert Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Yemen

What desert means?

1 : arid land with usually sparse vegetation especially : such land having a very warm climate and receiving less than 25 centimeters (10 inches) of sporadic rainfall annually. 2 : an area of water apparently devoid of life. 3 : a desolate or forbidding area lost in a desert of doubt.

Where are deserts located equator?

Location of tropical rainforest climate

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Most hot deserts are found near the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, between 15-30° north and south of the Equator.

Why are deserts in the west?

These are the results of the prevailing easterly winds of the tropics, which are the trade winds. … These winds become dry when they reach the western sides of the continents, and hence don’t bring any rain with them. As these regions become devoid of moisture, deserts are formed.

Where is the desert located in India?

Thar Desert, also called Great Indian Desert, arid region of rolling sand hills on the Indian subcontinent. It is located partly in Rajasthan state, northwestern India, and partly in Punjab and Sindh (Sind) provinces, eastern Pakistan. Thar (Great Indian) Desert. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Where is the largest desert in the world located?

Antarctic desert
The largest desert on earth is the Antarctic desert, covering the continent of Antarctica with a size of around 5.5 million square miles.

Ranking of the largest deserts on earth (in million square miles)
Desert (Type) Surface area in million square miles
Antarctic (polar) 5.5
Arctic (polar) 5.4

Which is largest hot desert?

Sahara
Sahara, the largest hot desert, expanded by 10 per cent in the 20th century.Mar 30, 2018

What country is most desert?

The area of the entire nation of Kazakhstan is 2,724,900 sq km. According to this quiz, Australia has 2,500,000 sq km of desert, so Kazakhstan can’t have more than twice as much.

Countries with the Most Desert.
sq. km country
2,500,000 Australia
2,100,000 Algeria
2,100,000 Saudi Arabia
2,000,000 Canada

What are the 5 types of desert?

The world’s deserts can be divided into five types—subtropical, coastal, rain shadow, interior, and polar. Deserts are divided into these types according to the causes of their dryness.

What are 5 facts about the desert?

Desert Facts for Kids
  • A desert receives less than 10 inches of rain a year.
  • A lot of the animals that live in the desert are nocturnal.
  • The Sahara is the largest hot desert on Earth.
  • Antarctica is the largest cold desert on Earth.
  • 20 percent of the world’s land surface is desert.

What are the 4 types of deserts?

There are four types of deserts: subtropical deserts are hot and dry year-round; coastal deserts have cool winters and warm summers; cold winter deserts have long, dry summers and low rainfall in the winter; polar deserts are cold year-round.

Where are deserts located latitude?

around 30 to 50 degrees latitude
Deserts cover around 20% of the Earth and are on every continent. They are mainly found around 30 to 50 degrees latitude, called the mid-latitudes. These areas are about halfway between the equator and the north and south poles. Remember that moist, hot air always rises from the equator.Jul 24, 2013

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Where are deserts located in North America?

The continent’s major deserts are associated with the intermontane Basin and Range Province of the western United States, northern Mexico, and the Colorado Plateau region of northern Arizona, southwestern Colorado, northwestern New Mexico, and southeastern Utah.

Where are most cold deserts located?

Cold deserts are found in the Antarctic, Greenland, Iran, Turkestan, Northern and Western China. They are also known as polar deserts. These deserts are generally found in certain mountainous areas. Some famous cold deserts are: – Atacama, Gobi, Great Basin, Namib, Iranian, Takla Makan, and Turkestan.

Which desert is located in southern hemisphere?

The deserts of the southern hemisphere, which is the bottom half of Earth, include the Atacama and Patagonia, in South America, the Namib and Kalahari, in Africa, and the Great Sandy, in Australia.

Why is most of the desert in the northern hemisphere?

Because more land surface occurs in the Northern Hemisphere in the latitudes described, more deserts occur in the Northern than the Southern Hemisphere.

Which desert is located in Africa continent?

The Sahara
The Sahara is the world’s largest desert; it extends across most of the northern part of Africa.

Which is largest desert in India?

Thar Desert Great Indian Desert
The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent that covers an area of 200,000 km2 (77,000 sq mi) and forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan.

Thar Desert.
Thar Desert Great Indian Desert
Protected 41,833 km² (18%)

Why is Rajasthan a desert?

These Aravalli ranges are not blocking winds which carry moisture. They are parallel to the direction of cloud movement, so there is no upliftment of clouds carrying moisture, so there are very little rains in Rajasthan. Thus, the deserts are formed.

How many desert are there in India?

14 Deserts in India | List of Beautiful Deserts in India.

How many desert are there in earth?

23 deserts
There are 23 deserts in the world. What are the most famous deserts in the world? Some famous deserts in the world are the Sahara, Antarctic, Arctic, Gobi and Namib deserts.

Which is the smallest desert in the world?

I had crossed what many believe is the world’s smallest desert.
  • At only 600m wide, Canada’s Carcross Desert is said to be the world’s smallest desert (Credit: Mike MacEacheran)
  • The Carcross Desert is a rare habitat for plants and insect species that may be new to science (Credit: Mike MacEacheran)
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Which desert is furthest north?

The Great Basin Desert is the largest desert area of North America. It is also the most northerly, covering most of Nevada (Ne), the western third of Utah (U) and parts of Idaho (Id) and Oregon (Or).

Which country has no desert?

Lebanon is the only country without desert in the Middle East. Lebanon has traditionally been an important commercial hub for the middle East. Lebanon is also known as Pearl of the Middle East.

What is the coldest desert?

Antarctica
The largest desert on Earth is Antarctica, which covers 14.2 million square kilometers (5.5 million square miles). It is also the coldest desert on Earth, even colder than the planet’s other polar desert, the Arctic. Composed of mostly ice flats, Antarctica has reached temperatures as low as -89°C (-128.2°F).

Where is Sahel?

Africa
The Sahel, the vast semi-arid region of Africa separating the Sahara Desert to the north and tropical savannas to the south, is as much a land of opportunities as it is of challenges.

What continents have no deserts?

It gets less than 10 inches of rainfall a year. Are you ready for the real surprise? The answer is Europe.

What country is Sahara Desert?

The Sahara covers large parts of Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia. It covers 9 million square kilometres (3,500,000 sq mi), amounting to 31% of Africa.

What desert is in Asia?

The Gobi Desert
The Gobi Desert is the largest desert in Asia, spanning over 1,600 km (1,000 miles) over China and Mongolia, and the 5th largest desert in the world. Thinking 1,000 miles of sand and extreme heat?

What is a famous desert?

Sahara Desert
List of deserts by area
Rank Name Countries
1 Antarctic Desert N/A
2 Arctic Desert Alaska, Canada, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Jan Mayen, Norway, Russia, Svalbard, and Sweden
3 Sahara Desert Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, the Sudan, Tunisia, and Western Sahara
Russian Arctic Russia

Why are deserts Hot?

Deserts are hot primarily because of a lack of water. When the sun shines on the ground, all of the absorbed sunlight goes into raising the ground’s temperature. … DESERTS ARE COLD AT NIGHT:Because of the lack of water in the ground, and little water vapor in the air, most deserts can get quite cool at night.

Where are deserts formed and why? – The Hadley cell, rain shadows and continental interiors

Deserts 101 | National Geographic

WHICH COUNTRIES DOES THE SAHARA DESERT COVER

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