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what was one of the main accomplishments of philip ii

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What Was One Of The Main Accomplishments Of Philip Ii?

Philip was the self-proclaimed protector of the Roman Catholic Church. He sought to limit the spread of Protestantism, and he ultimately completed the work of unification begun by Ferdinand and Isabella (the “Catholic Monarchs”) in the Iberian Peninsula. Read more about the house of Habsburg and the Habsburg dynasty.

What was Philip II major accomplishments?

Upon becoming King of Spain, Philip II was the ruler of one of the largest empires the world had ever seen. During his long life, he attempted to expand the power of Spain, centralize the government, and protect the Catholic Church against Protestant reformers.

What is Philip II best known for?

King Philip II of Spain, also known as Philip the Prudent, ruled one of the world’s largest empires. His reign as Spain’s king began the Golden Age, a period of great cultural growth in literature, music and the visual arts. He was also the King of England through his marriage to Mary Tudor for four years.

What did Philip of Macedonia accomplish?

Philip II, byname Philip of Macedon, (born 382 bce—died 336, Aegae [now Vergina, Greece]), 18th king of Macedonia (359–336 bce), who restored internal peace to his country and by 339 had gained domination over all of Greece by military and diplomatic means, thus laying the foundations for its expansion under his son …

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Who was Philip II and what did he accomplish?

Philip was the self-proclaimed protector of the Roman Catholic Church. He sought to limit the spread of Protestantism, and he ultimately completed the work of unification begun by Ferdinand and Isabella (the “Catholic Monarchs”) in the Iberian Peninsula. Read more about the house of Habsburg and the Habsburg dynasty.

Was Philip II a hero or a villain?

Philip II of Spain inherited the Kingdoms of Spain, Naples, and the Netherlands from his father Charles V. As a prince, he was briefly married to Mary I of England, and has ever since been regarded as a villain to English Protestants.

What were Philip II accomplishments quizlet?

Philip II successes were that he was able to wage several wars in the Mediterranean, and he defeated the turks at the Battle of Lepanto. He annexed Portugal and gained access to their empires. Although, he wa forceful leader and he imposed Catholicism on his people and the lands which he had control over.

Which of the following best represents the accomplishments of Spain’s golden century?

Which of the following best represents the accomplishments of Spain’s golden century? The staging of the many comedies and romances of Lope de Vega. Which economic difficulties did Philip II and his successors experience?

What were Spain’s accomplishments?

Achievements about Spain
  • ATLAS maps the deep blue Atlantic. …
  • GENIUS plays role in ESA map of Milky Way. …
  • A surgical strike against bacteria. …
  • An energy-saving climate control system for electric cars. …
  • Collaborative, cost-effective approach to fuel cell manufacturing. …
  • Hydrogen power for zero CO2 emissions and energy security.

What did Philip II conquer?

King Philip II is credited with restoring internal peace to his country. … King Philip’s military battles and diplomatic tactics resulted in the expansion of his empire and domination over all of Greece. After he conquered Greece, he planned to conquer the Persian Empire, but he would never achieve this goal.

What made Philip such a successful military leader?

Using a feigned retreat that created openings for his cavalry, Philip won a great victory over the Greeks. In consequence, he was able to form the League of Corinth in 337, which brought almost all of the Greek city-states into an alliance that was beholden to Philip.

How did Philip II influence Alexander the Great?

Philip II also built an army of unprecedented ability and resilience, which conquered the Greek peninsula and prepared the conquest of the Persian Empire that amalgamated with a Greco-Macedonia army. Alexander in point of fact led the invading forces, when he conquered the great Persian Empire.

What was the result of Philip II of Spain being a loyal defender of Catholicism?

He considered himself the chief defender of Catholic Europe, both against the Ottoman Turks and against the forces of the Protestant Reformation. … In 1588, the English defeated Philip’s Spanish Armada, thwarting his planned invasion of the country to reinstate Catholicism.

How did Philip II increase his power?

How did Philip II ensure absolute power? He ruled by divine right, which gave him religious power, and he also centralized the government so he could control all.

What made Philip II an absolute monarch?

Philip II, as head of the government of Spain, believed in the divine right of monarchs and used this to justify a number of immoral and illegal acts, such as ordering murders. Philip developed a system of regional self-government with viceroys answering to him and he ruled as an absolute monarch.

Was King Philip II of Spain a good ruler?

During the reign of Philip II, the Spanish monarchy reached a great power, a Golden Age. Philip also added new territories to the throne when he became the heir of the king of Portugal. fervent Catholic. … Philip II made extensive surveys to rule the new territories of the Americas in a better way.

What was Spain’s Philip II’s goal in the Netherlands?

What was a major goal of King Philip II. To consolidate the lands he inherited from his father in Spain, the Netherlands, and possessions in Italy and the Americas.

What challenges did Philip II face as a ruler?

King Philip’s Problems
  • In 1572, Protestants in the Netherlands rebelled against Spain. …
  • The rulers of the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire were enemies of Spain. …
  • France was an enemy of Spain. …
  • England was an enemy of Spain. …
  • It was difficult to rule the huge empire.
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What King became France’s most powerful ruler?

Unit 5 Test
Question Answer
What king became France’s most powerful ruler and boasted “I am the state”? Louis XIV
What purpose did the palace at Versailles serve? to show Louis power and arouse envy of other monarchs

How did Philip II influence the art of Spain’s Golden Age?

Philip II influenced the art of Spain’s golden age by providing financial support to artists.

How did Charles V and Philip II expand the Spanish state Brainly?

Charles v and Phillips ii tried to expand Catholicism in Spain. Explanation: They fought wars and tried to establish monarch in Spain thus citizen rights were determined by ruling monarch under the absolute system of monarchy.

How were Charles V and Philip II alike and different in their goals of ensuring absolute power and strengthening Catholicism?

How were Charles v and Philip ii alike and different in their goals of ensuring absolute power and strengthening catholicism? They both wanted to stop Protestantism, they felt a call in life and it was to strengthen the church. … He protected Protestants and he issued the Edict of Nantes giving them religious freedoms.

How old was Philip II when he became king?

Philip, who had previously been made the Duke of Milan in 1540, began governing the most extensive empire in the world at the young age of sixteen.

What flag is red yellow red?

flag of Spain
horizontally striped red-yellow-red national flag with an off-centre coat of arms. Within Spain private citizens may display the flag without the coat of arms. The flag’s width-to-length ratio is 2 to 3.

How did Philip II improve the phalanx?

Philip II of Macedon changed how armies were trained and enhanced the phalanx formation by introducing the idea of the ‘professional soldier’ to Macedon, providing his warriors with training, a smaller shield, and a longer spear known as a sarissa which, besides simply being able to inflict greater casualties at a …

How did Philip defeat Greece?

The rise of Macedon, its conquest and political consolidation of most of Classical Greece during the reign of Philip II was achieved in part by his reformation of the Macedonian army, establishing the Macedonian phalanx that proved critical in securing victories on the battlefield.

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What change did Philip 2 make after unifying?

Answer: He created a strong Macedonian state that was stable and prosperous for many decades. He created a professional army that was arguably the best in the known world and conquered an empire. The army and the state that Phillip II created changed the history of Macedonia and Greece.

What did King Philip II of Macedonia need in order to conquer the Persian Empire?

Philip II was interested in conquering the Greek city-states south of Macedonia because he wanted to conquer the Persian Empire, but in order to conquer such a large empire he needed the help of the Greek city-states. …

How did Philip II defeat the Greek city-states?

Battle of Chaeronea, (August 338 bce), battle in Boeotia, central Greece, in which Philip II of Macedonia defeated a coalition of Greek city-states led by Thebes and Athens.

What military tactic did Philip II use to defeat the Greek city-states?

Philip used his military knowledge to strengthen the Macedonian army. His soldiers were trained to fight as a phalanx. A phalanx was a large group of foot soldiers armed with shields and spears.

What were Philip II’s greatest achievements What will he always be remembered for achieving?

Philip II was many things—father of Alexander the Great; unifier of Greece; founder of the first territorial state in Europe with a centralized administration; author of that nation’s first federal constitution; the West’s first national king; creator of the first Western national army; the first great general of the …

What was a significant achievement of Alexander the Great?

Although king of ancient Macedonia for less than 13 years, Alexander the Great changed the course of history. One of the world’s greatest military generals, he created a vast empire that stretched from Macedonia to Egypt and from Greece to part of India. This allowed for Hellenistic culture to become widespread.

Who was better Philip II or Alexander the Great?

The chapter ends with a comparison of Philip and Alexander, where Gabriel argues that Philip all in all was a better general (249-51), and concludes that Alexander’s success in Asia rested on Philip’s ability to reform Macedonia to become the powerful state it was (p. 243-6).

What was Philip II famous?

King Philip II of Spain, also known as Philip the Prudent, ruled one of the world’s largest empires. His reign as Spain’s king began the Golden Age, a period of great cultural growth in literature, music and the visual arts. He was also the King of England through his marriage to Mary Tudor for four years.

Elizabeth I (1533-1603) Queen of England

The Spanish Empire, Silver, & Runaway Inflation: Crash Course World History #25

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Diplomatic Genius of Philip of Macedon

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