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what part of the atmosphere do planes fly in

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What Part Of The Atmosphere Do Planes Fly In?

stratosphere

What layer of the atmosphere do planes fly in?

Stratosphere
Complete Step by Step Answer: Stratosphere is the layer of the atmosphere where planes usually fly. It usually extends up to 50 km above the ground. Most of the jet aircraft fly in the lower layer of the stratosphere, to avoid any turbulence, although thunderstorms do penetrate the stratosphere.

Do airplanes fly in the troposphere?

The boundary between the troposphere and the stratosphere is known as the Tropopause and is covered by a separate article. Most light aircraft and turboprop aircraft fly within the troposphere and this is where most of the water vapour and therefore cloud formation exists.

Why do planes fly in the troposphere?

You’ll probably discover that it flies somewhere in the troposphere, which is important for two reasons: the air is thin enough to minimize drag, yet it’s also thick enough to produce an adequate amount of lift. For these reasons, commercial jets almost always fly in the troposphere.

Do planes fly in the mesosphere?

The mesosphere is a layer of Earth’s atmosphere. The mesosphere is directly above the stratosphere and below the thermosphere. It extends from about 50 to 85 km (31 to 53 miles) above our planet. … Weather balloons and other aircraft cannot fly high enough to reach the mesosphere.

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Do planes fly in troposphere or stratosphere?

Commercial jet aircraft fly in the lower stratosphere to avoid the turbulence which is common in the troposphere below. The stratosphere is very dry; air there contains little water vapor. Because of this, few clouds are found in this layer; almost all clouds occur in the lower, more humid troposphere.

Why do planes do not fly over the Pacific?

The primary reason airplanes don’t fly over the Pacific Ocean is because curved routes are shorter than straight routes. Flat maps are somewhat confusing because the Earth itself isn’t flat. Rather, it’s spherical. As a result, straight routes don’t offer the shortest distance between two locations.

What does the tropopause do?

The tropopause is the boundary that demarcates the troposphere from the stratosphere, and is the part of the atmosphere where there occurs an abrupt change in the environmental lapse rate (ELR), from a positive rate in the troposphere to a negative rate in the stratosphere.

Do airplanes fly above the ozone layer?

Planes fly in the second layer of the atmosphere called the stratosphere. The stratosphere is the second layer of the atmosphere and the one where the ozone layer is formed and where the planes fly in.

How is the atmosphere kept in place around the Earth?

Our atmosphere is a mixture of gases that surround Earth. It is kept in place by the pull of Earth’s gravity. If Earth was a much smaller planet, like Mercury or Pluto, its gravity would be to weak to hold a large atmosphere.

What happens if plane flies too high?

When the plane gets too high, there is insufficient oxygen to fuel the engines. “The air is less dense at altitude, so the engine can suck in less and less air per second as it goes higher and at some point the engine can no longer develop sufficient power to climb.” …

Do airplanes fly over storms?

Can a plane fly over a hurricane? Yes, it is possible to overfly a hurricane while staying away from the storm. Pilots check carefully for reports or forecast of turbulence when coordinating with flight dispatchers for selecting the route.

Why is the tropopause important to pilots?

The location of the tropopause is of interest to flight crew because it indicates the altitude at which temperature becomes constant with increasing altitude, which is an import factor in performance and fuel calculations.

Why do pilots fly through the stratosphere?

The main reason airplanes fly in the stratosphere is because this is where the least amount of turbulence is found. In addition, because the stratosphere is very dry, there are fewer clouds in this layer, making for a much smoother ride overall.

How do commercial airplanes fly?

A plane’s engines are designed to move it forward at high speed. That makes air flow rapidly over the wings, which throw the air down toward the ground, generating an upward force called lift that overcomes the plane’s weight and holds it in the sky. … The wings force the air downward and that pushes the plane upward.

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In which layer of the atmosphere did the Concorde cruise?

The Concorde aircraft cruised at Mach 2 at about 19,000 m (62,000 ft), and the SR-71 cruised at Mach 3 at 26,000 m (85,000 ft), all within the stratosphere.

Can a plane fly over Mount Everest?

Tim Morgan, a commercial pilot writing for Quora says aircraft can fly above 40,000 feet, and hence it is possible to fly over Mount Everest which stands at 29,031.69 feet. However, typical flight routes do not travel above Mount Everest as the mountains create unforgiving weather.

Do planes release poop?

Aircraft lavatories typically store sewage in tanks, to be disposed off after the plane has landed. However, on the rare occasion that excrement does leak from a plane, it normally freezes instantly due to the cold temperatures at cruising height.

Do you fly faster against Earth Rotation?

At the equator, the Earth spins about twice as fast as a commercial jet can fly. That rate slows the closer you get to the poles, but regardless, it’s always going to be faster than a plane.

What is the difference between troposphere and tropopause?

The troposphere is the lowest and thickest layer of the atmosphere. … The tropopause is the boundary layer between the troposphere and the stratosphere . The thickness of the troposphere depends upon a number of atmospheric variables at latitude .

Is tropopause part of troposphere?

The tropopause is an important boundary layer in Earth’s atmosphere dividing the lowermost atmospheric layer, the troposphere, from the stratosphere.

Where is troposphere located?

The troposphere is by far the wettest layer of the atmosphere; all of the layers above contain very little moisture. The bottom of the troposphere is at Earth’s surface. The troposphere extends upward to about 10 km (6.2 miles or about 33,000 feet) above sea level.

Can birds fly in the stratosphere?

The stratosphere contains roughly 20 percent of the atmosphere’s mass. Because bacterial life can survive in the stratosphere, this layer of the atmosphere belongs to the biosphere. Some species of birds have even been reported to fly in the lower levels of the stratosphere.

What is the hottest layer of the atmosphere?

The thermosphere
The thermosphere is often considered the “hot layer” because it contains the warmest temperatures in the atmosphere. Temperature increases with height until the estimated top of the thermosphere at 500 km. Temperatures can reach as high as 2000 K or 1727 ºC in this layer (Wallace and Hobbs 24).

How high does a jet fly?

According to USA Today, the common cruising altitude for most commercial airplanes is between 33,000 and 42,000 feet, or between about six and nearly eight miles above sea level. Typically, aircraft fly around 35,000 or 36,000 feet in the air.

What keeps our atmosphere from floating away?

The Short Answer:

Earth’s gravity is strong enough to hold onto its atmosphere and keep it from drifting into space.

Is there any force pulling the object towards Earth?

The answer is gravity: an invisible force that pulls objects toward each other. Earth’s gravity is what keeps you on the ground and what makes things fall. Anything that has mass also has gravity.

What gas makes up most of the atmosphere?

Earth’s atmosphere is composed of about 78 percent nitrogen, 21 percent oxygen, 0.9 percent argon, and 0.1 percent other gases. Trace amounts of carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, and neon are some of the other gases that make up the remaining 0.1 percent.

What happens if a plane window breaks?

Basically, the air pressure inside the cabin is higher than it is outside of the plane to enable the people onboard to breathe normally. That’s why, if a window happens to break, the air inside would escape at high speeds, taking small objects like phones or magazines (or sometimes larger things, like people) with it.

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How long would it take to fly in a 747 to the moon?

A 747 airplane normally flies at about 400 miles per hour. The moon is about 250,000 miles away. So if we divide 250,000 by 400, we find that the plane would take 625 hours — or 26 days — to fly to the moon! Boy that would be a looong trip!

What happens if a plane flies into a tornado?

Originally Answered: What would happen if a fighter jet flew through a tornado at supersonic speeds? It would be ripped apart. Tornado’s are blackish grey because of all the dirt and debris in them. This debris would rip apart the plane quickly.

Do planes fly above clouds?

Aircraft fly above (or around) the clouds (when they are able) because some clouds are home to sometimes extreme turbulence (think thunderstorms) and some harbor icing conditions. In addition, aircraft (airliners especially) fly at altitudes that are optimal for both airspeed and minimizing fuel consumption.

Can planes land in rain?

Can Planes Land in the Rain? Rain can affect an aircraft’s ability to land much in the same way it affects its ability to take-off. Namely, that if rain on the ground is too heavy, the pilot cannot see well enough to land the aircraft; or accompanying weather conditions can make an unsafe landing impossible.

Why do planes get delayed?

Most planes are late due to air system issues or airline delays. This is interesting because it means that it is an area of the airline industry that could be optimized. Supporting our argument, one notices that the lower amount of delays are caused due to weather and security issues.

Why Do Airplanes Fly in the Stratosphere?

How do Airplanes fly?

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