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What Makes It Rain?

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What Makes It Rain?

Water vapor turns into clouds when it cools and condenses—that is, turns back into liquid water or ice. … In the cloud, with more water condensing onto other water droplets, the droplets grow. When they get too heavy to stay suspended in the cloud, even with updrafts within the cloud, they fall to Earth as rain.

What causes rain?

Clouds are made up of tiny water droplets. When these droplets grow, they eventually become too heavy to stay suspended in the sky and fall to the ground as rain. Some droplets fall through the cloud and coalesce into raindrops on their way down.

What is rain made of?

Rain is liquid precipitation: water falling from the sky. Raindrops fall to Earth when clouds become saturated, or filled, with water droplets. Millions of water droplets bump into each other as they gather in a cloud. When a small water droplet bumps into a bigger one, it condenses, or combines, with the larger one.

What causes rainfall answer?

Heat from the Sun turns moisture (water) from plants and leaves, as well as oceans, lakes, and rivers, into water vapour (gas), which disappears into the air. This vapour rises, cools, and changes into tiny water droplets, which form clouds. … When the water droplets get too large and heavy, they fall as rain.

What are the 3 reasons for rain to fall?

There are 3 main types of rainfall: relief, frontal and…
  • Frontal rainfall occurs when warm air is forced to rise over cold air.
  • The moisture in the warm air condenses as it cools which causes clouds and rain.
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Can you drink rain water?

It is possible, therefore, for us to drink untreated rainwater. This is because rainwater is pure, distilled water evaporated from the sun – nothing else. However, when rainwater falls from the sky, substances from the air and land melt into the rainwater. … This water (groundwater) is relatively safe for drinking.

How are clouds made?

Clouds are formed when air contains as much water vapor (gas) as it can hold. … In cold clouds ice crystals and water droplets exist side by side. Due to an imbalance of water vapor pressure, the water droplets transfer to the ice crystals. The crystals eventually grow heavy enough to fall to earth.

What are the 4 types of rainfall?

Types of Rainfall
  • Convectional rainfall.
  • Orographic or relief rainfall.
  • Cyclonic or frontal rainfall.

Can it rain without clouds?

Because rain forms when droplets of condensed moisture grow large enough to descend quickly into the air, their absence can make it impossible for rain to occur. That means if there are no clouds overhead, rain cannot happen as well.

What chemicals are in rainwater?

Rainwater is a mixed electrolyte that contains varying amounts of major and minor ions. Sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, chloride, bicarbonate, and sulfate ions are major constituents, to- gether with ammonia, nitrate, nitrite, nitrogen, and other nitroge- nous compounds (Hutchinson, 1957).

What causes freezing rain?

Freezing rain develops as falling snow encounters a layer of warm air deep enough for the snow to completely melt and become rain. … When the supercooled drops strike the frozen ground (power lines, or tree branches), they instantly freeze, forming a thin film of ice, hence freezing rain.

What’s relief rainfall?

Relief rainfall occurs when warm moist air from the Atlantic Ocean rises up over mountains. When the warm air rises, it cools and condenses to form clouds, which bring rain. Once the air has passed over the mountains, it descends and warms.

Which is stronger rain or showers?

Showers, also known as rain showers, have a shorter duration than rain. … Compared to rain, showers cover a smaller area but can be more intense. Cumulonimbus clouds (thunderstorm clouds) produce the heaviest rainfalls. Showers from stratocumulus clouds (not as puffy) tend to not be so heavy.

What are the 3 types of rainfall?

Types of rainfall
  • relief.
  • convectional.
  • frontal.

Can you live off of seawater?

Seawater is toxic to humans because your body is unable to get rid of the salt that comes from seawater. Your body’s kidneys normally remove excess salt by producing urine, but the body needs freshwater to dilute the salt in your body for the kidneys to work properly.

Why does rain not have salt in it?

As the water vapor is lifted it cools. As it cools it condenses and forms a cloud which then could produce rain. However, since the salt was left behind in the evaporation process any rain that falls would be salt-free water.

Can you drink rainwater from the sky?

Most rain is perfectly safe to drink and may be even cleaner than the public water supply. Rainwater is only as clean as its container. Only rain that has fallen directly from the sky should be collected for drinking. It should not have touched plants or buildings.

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Can you touch a cloud?

Well, the simple answer is yes, but we will get into it. Clouds look like they would be fluffy and fun to play in, but they are actually made of trillions “cloud droplets”. … Nonetheless, if you were to be able to touch a cloud, it wouldn’t really feel like anything, just a little wet.

Why do clouds turn GREY?

When clouds are thin, they let a large portion of the light through and appear white. But like any objects that transmit light, the thicker they are, the less light makes it through. As their thickness increases, the bottoms of clouds look darker but still scatter all colors. We perceive this as gray.

How heavy is a cloud?

A typical cloud has a volume of around 1km3 and a density of around 1.003kg per m3 – about 0.4 per cent lower than that of the surrounding air, which is why they float. So cranking through the maths, that means that a typical cloud weighs around a million tonnes.

Can a cloud burst?

cloudburst, a sudden, very heavy rainfall, usually local in nature and of brief duration. Most so-called cloudbursts occur in connection with thunderstorms. In these storms there are violent uprushes of air, which at times prevent the condensing raindrops from falling to the ground.

What is the smell of rain called?

Petrichor
Petrichor is the term coined by Australian scientists in 1964 to describe the unique, earthy smell associated with rain. It is caused by the water from the rain, along with certain compounds like ozone, geosmin, and plant oils. and in soil.

What is heavy rain called?

Definitions of downpour. a heavy rain. synonyms: cloudburst, deluge, pelter, soaker, torrent, waterspout.

Can it rain fish?

Yes. Although rare, there are numerous instances of fish falling down from the skies. Of course, the fish do not really “rain” in the sense of condensing out of water vapor. … All sorts of creatures have been reported raining down, including snakes, worms, and crabs, but fish and frogs are the most common.

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Can it rain frogs?

Frog rain is a rare meteorological phenomenon in which frogs get swept up in a storm, travel miles and then fall from the sky when the clouds release the water. It doesn’t happen frequently, but it does happen in parts of the world.

Can it rain on a sunny day?

A sunshower or sun shower is a meteorological phenomenon in which rain falls while the sun is shining. A sunshower is usually the result of accompanying winds associated with a rain storm sometimes miles away, blowing the airborne raindrops into an area where there are no clouds, therefore causing a sunshower.

Why should you not drink rainwater?

While useful for many things, rainwater is not as pure as you might think, so you cannot assume it is safe to drink. … Rainwater can carry bacteria, parasites, viruses, and chemicals that could make you sick, and it has been linked to disease outbreaks.

Can rain have salt in it?

Rainwater compositions vary geographically. In open ocean and coastal areas they have a salt content essentially like that of sea water (same ionic proportions but much more dilute) plus CO2 as bicarbonate anion (acidic pH).

Is rain water hard or soft?

As rainwater falls, it is naturally soft. However, as water makes its way through the ground and into our waterways, it picks up minerals like chalk, lime and mostly calcium and magnesium and becomes hard water. Since hard water contains essential minerals, it is sometimes the preferred drinking water.

Is snow a rain?

The liquid precipitation that falls to Earth’s surface is rain. Rain can begin as snow, but by the time it reaches the Earth’s surface, it has melted because the temperature closer to Earth is warmer. … As snow falls through the atmosphere, the air remains at least 32° F or colder.

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Why Does It Rain?

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