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What Is The Lithosphere And Describe Its Characteristics?

What Is The Lithosphere And Describe Its Characteristics?

The lithosphere is the solid, outer part of the Earth. The lithosphere includes the brittle upper portion of the mantle and the crust, the outermost layers of Earth’s structure. … Ductility measures a solid material’s ability to deform or stretch under stress. The lithosphere is far less ductile than the asthenosphere.May 20, 2015

What do you mean by lithosphere describe its characteristics and uses?

The lithosphere is Earth’s outermost layer, composed of rocks in the crust and upper mantle that behave as brittle solids. The rigid lithosphere sits on top of the asthenosphere, a layer of the mantle in which rocks are hot and deformable.

What are the three characteristics of lithosphere?

The lithosphere is the moving part of the surface of Planet Earth. It consists of the continental crust, oceanic crust, and the upper part of the mantle, called the asthenosphere. The uppermost part is crispy, and this is where brittle deformation happens, like faults, and damage from earthquakes.

What is the asthenosphere and describe its characteristics?

The asthenosphere is the denser, weaker layer beneath the lithospheric mantle. It lies between about 100 kilometers (62 miles) and 410 kilometers (255 miles) beneath Earth’s surface. The temperature and pressure of the asthenosphere are so high that rocks soften and partly melt, becoming semi-molten.

What is lithosphere in short answer?

Lithosphere is the solid crust or the hard top layer of the earth. It is made up of rocks and minerals. It is covered by a thin layer of soil. It is an irregular surface with various landforms such as mountains, plateaus, desert, plains, valleys, etc.

Which of the following describe the lithosphere?

Lithosphere is the rigid, rocky outer layer of the earth, consisting of the crust and the solid outermost layer of the upper mantle. It extends to a depth of about 100 km. It is broken into about a dozen separate, rigid blocks, or plates.

What is lithosphere Class 7 short answer?

Answer: Lithosphere is the solid crust or the hard top layer of the earth. It includes the crust and the uppermost mantle, which constitute the hard and rigid outer layer of the Earth.

What are the characteristics of a lithosphere plate?

Each lithospheric plate is composed of a layer of oceanic crust or continental crust superficial to an outer layer of the mantle. Containing both crust and the upper region of the mantle, lithospheric plates are generally considered to be approximately 60 mi (100 km) thick.

What is the importance of lithosphere?

Lithosphere provide us forests, grasslands for grazing land for agriculture and human settlements and also rich source of minerals. The lithosphere contains different types of rocks such as the igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, it helps to provide the necessary nutrients required to plants.

How is lithosphere formed Class 9?

Due to the cold temperature of space, the surface layer of earth cooled off quickly. … And forms solidified “outer layer of the earth” called lithosphere. Differentiation of magma makes two types of “lithosphere, oceanic” and continental which is characterized in the continents by “basalt in oceans” and granite.

What is the difference of lithosphere and asthenosphere?

The lithosphere is the brittle crust and uppermost mantle. The asthenosphere is a solid but it can flow, like toothpaste. The lithosphere rests on the asthenosphere.

What are two characteristics of the asthenosphere?

The characteristics of the asthenosphere are that it is composed of semi-fused and solid materials. The asthenosphere is responsible for the renewal and expansion of the ocean floor.

What physical characteristic most distinguishes the lithosphere from the asthenosphere?

In the lithosphere, the rocks are cooler, stronger, and more rigid than the asthenosphere. It is rock strength that differentiates the lithosphere from the asthenosphere. The differences in strength between rock in the lithosphere and rock in the asthenosphere is a function of temperature and pressure.

What is lithosphere answer in Brainly?

Answer: The lithosphere is the rocky outer part of the Earth. It is made up of the brittle crust and the top part of the upper mantle. The lithosphere is the coolest and most rigid part of the Earth.

What is lithosphere answer Class 6?

(1) Lithosphere: It is the hard, rocky outermost shell of the Earth made up of rocks and soil. Almost three-fourths of the total area of the Earth is covered by water and the remaining one-fourth is covered by land.

How is lithosphere formed answer?

Due to the cold temperature of space, the surface layer of earth cooled off quickly. It makes a much-cooled rock layer that should be solidifying into the crust. And forms solidified “outer layer of the earth” called lithosphere.

Which one of the following describes the lithosphere answer?

The correct answer is option 2 i.e. Crust and Upper mantle. The lithosphere, that is the rigid outer part of the earth with thickness varying between 10-200 km. It includes the crust and the upper part of the mantle. Hence option 2 is correct.

Which of these statements best describes the lithosphere?

Which of these statements best describes the lithosphere? The lithosphere is composed of the crust and the rigid part of the upper mantle.

Which of the following best describes the lithosphere and the asthenosphere?

Q. Which of these describes the lithosphere and the asthenosphere? The lithosphere is rigid and immovable, and the asthenosphere is hot and flowing.

Why is lithosphere important class 7?

Answer: Lithosphere is the solid crust or the hard top layer of the earth. … Lithosphere plays an important role in our life. It provides us forests, grassland for grazing , land for agriculture and human settlements. It is also a treasure of various minerals.

What is lithosphere hydrosphere and atmosphere answer?

The lithosphere consists of solid rock, soil and minerals. The hydrosphere consists of water in all its forms. The atmosphere is the layer of gases around the Earth. The biosphere consists of all living plants and animals and their interactions with the rocks, soil, air and water in their habitats.

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Who was Idrisi Class 7?

Answer: al-Idrisi was an Arab cartographer. Question 2. Who is a ‘cartographer’? Answer: Cartographer is one who draws a map.

What are the characteristics of a lithosphere plate quizlet?

What are the characteristics of a lithosphere plate? Can a single plate include both continental and oceanic lithosphere? The lithosphere consists of the crust plus the top(cooler) part of the upper mantle. It behaves relatively rigid which means that it bends or breaks.

What is lithospheric plate?

A tectonic plate (also called lithospheric plate) is a massive, irregularly shaped slab of solid rock, generally composed of both continental and oceanic lithosphere. Plate size can vary greatly, from a few hundred to thousands of kilometers across; the Pacific and Antarctic Plates are among the largest.

What are the characteristics of crust?

Earth’s outer surface is its crust, a cold, thin, brittle outer shell made of rock. The crust is very thin relative to the radius of the planet.

What are the three uses of lithosphere?

Answer:
  • The lithosphere serves as a source of minerals. …
  • The lithosphere is also the major source of fuels such as coal, petroleum and a natural gas. …
  • The lithosphere in combination with the hydrosphere and the atmosphere plays a vital role in the growth of plants and animals.

What makes the lithosphere?

The lithosphere is the rocky outer part of the Earth. It is made up of the brittle crust and the top part of the upper mantle. The lithosphere is the coolest and most rigid part of the Earth.

Why is lithosphere known as mineral skin?

Lithosphere is also known as the ‘Mineral Skin’ because it is the layer of the uppermost crust of the Earth composed of rocks and minerals.

What is lithosphere class?

The lithosphere is the solid, outer part of the Earth. The lithosphere includes the brittle upper portion of the mantle and the crust, the outermost layers of Earth’s structure. … There are two types of lithosphere: oceanic lithosphere and continental lithosphere.

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How is the lithosphere formed Goprep?

Since it was exposed, the surface cooled down quickly due to to the cold temperature of the space. This created a cool layer which sodified intro crust. This difference in magma created 2 different types of the lithosphere – Ocean and continental. The depth of the lithosphere varies from place to place.

The Lithosphere

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