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what is an example of a composite volcano

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What Is An Example Of A Composite Volcano?

Examples of composite volcanoes include Mount St. Helens, Mount Rainer, Mount Shasta, Mount Hood, and Mount Pinatubo. Sometimes composite volcanoes and other violent volcanoes can erupt so violently that they sometimes collapse in on themselves or actually blow themselves up to produce calderas.

What type of volcano is a composite volcano?

stratovolcanoes
Composite cone volcanoes are also called stratovolcanoes. They form when different types of eruptions deposit different materials around the sides of a volcano. Alternating eruptions of volcanic ash and lava cause layers to form. Over time these layers build up.Apr 5, 2019

What country has a composite volcano?

the Philippines
An example of a composite volcano is Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines.

What are the three types of composite volcanoes?

There are three main types of volcano – composite or strato, shield and dome. Composite volcanoes, sometimes known as strato volcanoes, are steep sided cones formed from layers of ash and [lava] flows. The eruptions from these volcanoes may be a pyroclastic flow rather than a flow of lava.

What type of volcano is Mt St Helens?

stratovolcano
Mount St. Helens is a stratovolcano, a steep-sided volcano located in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States in the state of Washington. Sitting about 97 miles south of Seattle and 52 miles northeast of Portland, Oregon, Mt.

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Is Yellowstone a composite volcano?

Examples of composite volcanoes include Mount St. … One of the most powerful volcanoes in the world—Yellowstone—is a massive caldera that has collapsed several times. Sometimes these calderas can fill up with water to produce beautiful lakes such as Mount Mazama (Crater Lake), in Oregon.

What are the 3 types of volcano?

There are three types of volcanoes: cinder cones (also called spatter cones), composite volcanoes (also called stratovolcanoes), and shield volcanoes. Figure 11.22 illustrates the size and shape differences amongst these volcanoes.

What type of volcano is Yellowstone?

supervolcano
Yellowstone National Park is situated over a supervolcano that is capable of an eruption of magnitude 8. It has had three massive eruptions, all of which created calderas.

What do shield and composite volcanoes have in common?

Shield volcanoes erupt quietly. … Explosive stratovolcanoes, or composite volcanoes, have steep, symmetrical, conical shapes built up over time by alternating layers of lava flows, volcanic ash, cinders and other volcanic particles. A central vent or cluster of vents is at the summit.

Why are composite volcanoes so explosive?

Composite volcanoes are made of felsic to intermediate rock. The viscosity of the lava means that eruptions at these volcanoes are often explosive (Figure below). … The viscous lava cannot travel far down the sides of the volcano before it solidifies, which creates the steep slopes of a composite volcano.

What are the 5 types of volcanic eruption?

Types of eruptions
  • Hydrothermal eruption. An eruption driven by the heat in a hydrothermal systems. …
  • Phreatic eruption. An eruption driven by the heat from magma interacting with water. …
  • Phreatomagmatic eruption. …
  • Lava. …
  • Strombolian and Hawaiian eruptions. …
  • Vulcanian eruptions. …
  • Subplinian and Plinian eruptions.

What are the 5 main types of volcanoes?

5 Types of Volcanoes
  • Composite or Strato-volcanoes: A composite volcano is also known as strato-volcano because composite strata or layered structure is formed due to the eruptive material. …
  • Where are composite volcanoes located? …
  • Shield volcanoes: …
  • Cinder cones: …
  • Spatter cones: …
  • Complex volcanoes: …
  • Other Volcanoes.

What are composite volcanoes made of quizlet?

~Composite volcanoes are made up of alternating layers of lava and ash (other volcanoes just consist of lava). CRATER~the viscous (sticky) magma traps hot gases within. A rock plug may be left from previous eruptions.

What type of volcano is Crater Lake?

Crater Lake partially fills a type of volcanic depression called a caldera that formed by the collapse of a 3,700 m (12,000 ft) volcano known as Mount Mazama during an enormous eruption approximately 7,700 years ago.

What type of volcano is Kilauea?

shield volcano
Kīlauea Volcano is a shield volcano located on the eastern slope of Mauna Loa Volcano on the Island of Hawai’i. The volcano is considered to be in the shield-building stage of Hawaiian volcanism.

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What type of volcano is Mount Vesuvius?

The Somma-Vesuvius volcanic complex is a central composite volcano formed by an older stratovolcano (Monte Somma) with a summit caldera partially filled by the composite cone of Vesuvius. The most noted eruption, in 79 A.D., destroyed the ancient cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.

What happens if Mt Hood erupted?

A significant eruption of Mount Hood, such as an eruption of lava domes that collapse to form pyroclastic flows and lahars, would displace several thousand residents and cause billion-dollar-scale damage to infrastructure and buildings.

What type of volcano is Mount Mayon?

stratovolcano
Mayon, located in the Philippines, is a highly active stratovolcano with recorded historical eruptions dating back to 1616. The most recent eruptive episode began in early January 2018 that consisted of phreatic explosions, steam-and-ash plumes, lava fountaining, and pyroclastic flows (BGVN 43:04).

Will Mount Shasta erupt again?

USGS scientists are currently working on this question. Mount Shasta doesn’t erupt on a regular timescale. Research indicates that the volcano erupts episodically with ten or more eruptions occurring in short (500-2,000 year) time periods separated by long intervals (3,000-5,000 years) with few or no eruptions.

How would you describe a composite volcano?

A stratovolcano, also known as a composite volcano, is a conical volcano built up by many layers (strata) of hardened lava and tephra. … The lava flowing from stratovolcanoes typically cools and hardens before spreading far, due to high viscosity.

What are the 6 types of volcanoes?

There are six types of volcanoes. They make up all the volcanoes on Earth. The six types are Cinder Cone Volcano, Stratovolcano, Shield Volcano, Rhyolite caldera complexes, Monogenetic fields, and Flood Basalts. Cinder Cone Volcanoes are cone shaped.

Which of the following is a composite type of volcano Brainly?

A Composite volcano is also called a stratovolcano.

What volcano could destroy the world?

Yellowstone supervolcano
The Yellowstone supervolcano is a natural disaster that we cannot prepare for, it would bring the world to its knees and destroy life as we know it. This Yellowstone Volcano has been dated to be as old as 2,100,000 years old, and throughout that lifetime has erupted on average every 600,000-700,000 years.

What was the biggest volcanic eruption ever?

Tambora
On 10 April 1815, Tambora produced the largest eruption known on the planet during the past 10,000 years. The volcano erupted more than 50 cubic kilometers of magma and collapsed afterwards to form a 6 km wide and 1250 m deep caldera.

How many Super volcanoes are in the world?

There are about 12 supervolcanoes on Earth — each one at least seven times larger than Mount Tambora, which had the biggest eruption in recorded history. If all of these supervolcanoes erupted at once, they’d likely pour thousands of tons of volcanic ash and toxic gases into the atmosphere.

How are composite volcanoes formed?

A composite volcano forms in subduction zones when a crustal plate is forced into the mantle and begins to melt. … Eruptions on the volcanoes often alternate between tephra and lava flows. Subduction zone volcanoes. Geologists often use the term stratovolcanoes to describe the mountains that form in subduction zones.

What is the example of cinder volcano?

Cinder cones may form by themselves or when new vents open on larger, existing volcanoes. Mauna Kea, a volcano on the American island of Hawaii, and Mount Etna, a volcano on the Italian island of Sicily, are both covered with hundreds of cinder cones.

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What materials make up composite volcanoes?

Composite volcanoes—also called stratovolcanoes—are named for their composition. These volcanoes are built from layers, or strata, of pyroclastic material, including lava, pumice, volcanic ash, and tephra. The layers stack on each other with each eruption.

What do composite volcanoes look like?

Composite volcanoes. … They are typically steep-sided, symmetrical cones of large dimension built of alternating layers of lava flows, volcanic ash, cinders, blocks, and bombs and may rise as much as 8,000 feet above their bases.

What does a composite volcano eruption look like?

Composite volcanoes have steep slopes, forming a basically symmetrical shape. The last eruption of the volcano may have even created a bowl, a caldera, at its peak, making it appear as if the top of the mountain was sliced off, or it may have collapsed from its own weight. Before Mount St.

Are composite volcanoes active?

Helens, Mount Pinatubo, and Krakatoa are just examples of composite volcanoes that have erupted. Famous landmarks like Mount Fuji in Japan, Mount Ranier in Washington State, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Africa are composite volcanoes that just haven’t erupted recently.

What are composite cones?

: a volcanic cone composed of intermingled masses or alternate layers of lava and fragmental material.

What are the 4 types of volcanic eruptions?

There are four types of eruptions with properties determined mostly by the silica content of magma, and the amount of gas it contains. In order of increasing explosiveness, these are Hawai’ian, Strombolian, Vulcanian, and Plinian eruptions.

What type of volcano is the most explosive?

Stratovolcanoes are considered the most violent. Mount St. Helens, in Washington state, is a stratovolcano that erupted on May 18, 1980.

Volcano types: Cinder cone, composite, shield and lava domes explained – TomoNews

Composite volcanoes

Composite, Shield & Cinder Cone Volcanoes

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