what is a super fund site

What makes a site a Superfund site?

Superfund sites are polluted locations in the United States requiring a long-term response to clean up hazardous material contaminations. … CERCLA authorized the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to create a list of such locations, which are placed on the National Priorities List (NPL).

Is it safe to live near a Superfund site?

Superfund sites contain toxic pollutants. Living, working or going to school near a superfund site may have negative health affects depending on toxins at the site. Superfund sites have been linked to adverse health effects including infant mortality, mental health, water and food-borne illness, and cancer.

What is an example of a Superfund site?

* Berkeley Pit is a defunct open-pit copper mine near Butte, Mont. It’s been slowly filling up with water that is highly acidic and laced with metals. The EPA issued a cleanup plan in 1994, but it’s still negotiating with companies over who is responsible for paying the bill.

Why are Superfund sites bad?

In addition to increased levels of childhood cancer and birth defects, exposure to hazardous substances released from Superfund sites has been correlated with higher rates of suspension from school and repeating grade levels, lower standardized test scores, and decreased cognitive functioning.

Why is it called a Superfund site?

Superfund is the common name given to the law called the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, or CERCLA. Superfund is also the trust fund set up by Congress to handle emergency and hazardous waste sites needing long-term cleanup.

What qualifies for Superfund?

Additionally, any property can automatically be added to the NPL when three conditions are met: 1) the US Public Health Service has issued a health advisory recommending that people be removed from the site, 2) the EPA determines that the site poses a significant public health risk, and 3) the EPA believes it will be …

What is the most toxic city in America?

Kotzebue, AK

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Iñupiat Eskimos make up 70% of the population. According to 2016 research data, the town is the most toxic place in America. Kotzebue produced at least 756 million pounds of toxic chemicals.

How many miles from a Superfund site is safe?

This vapor intrusion then poses further risk to nearby residents, inside of their homes where they would otherwise be inclined to feel safe. Obviously, proximity to a Superfund site is critical; four miles’ distance poses a decreased health risk as compared to a mere forty feet.

What is the largest Superfund site in the US?

About the Hanford (USDOE) Site

The 586 square mile Hanford Site is home to one of the largest Superfund cleanups in the nation. Hanford is divided into four National Priorities List (NPL) sites.

Is Pearl Harbor a Superfund site?

The Navy’s Pearl Harbor Complex, shipyard included, is a Superfund cleanup site for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Superfund is an EPA program geared towards the identification, investigation and cleaning up of uncontrolled or abandoned hazardous waste sites throughout the United States.

Is Hanford a Superfund site?

HANFORD 1100-AREA (USDOE) | Superfund Site Profile | Superfund Site Information | US EPA.

Does Canada have Superfund sites?

How many federal contaminated sites are there in Canada? There are 23,078 federal sites listed in the FCSI maintained by the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat, including 5,337 active contaminated sites and 2,355 suspected sites.

Why was Superfund created?

The federal Superfund program was created in December 1980 in response to serious threats across the country posed by toxic waste sites such as the infamous Love Canal landfill in Niagara Falls, NY. … Unreliable funding of the Superfund program has led to an unstable program.

Who is affected by Superfund sites?

Approximately 21 million people live within 1 mile of a Superfund site (roughly 6% of the U.S. population) including approximately: • 7% of all children in the U.S. under the age of 5 • 6% of all children in the U.S. under 18 • 6% of all blacks in the U.S. • 9% of all Hispanics in the U.S. • 8% of all minorities in the …

Which state has the most Superfund sites?

New Jersey
Superfund sites by state

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The states with the most Superfund sites were New Jersey (113 sites), California (97 sites) and Pennsylvania (95 sites). The states with the fewest Superfund sites were North Dakota (no sites), Nevada (one site) and South Dakota (two sites).

Is Gold King Mine a Superfund site?

The spill also led to the Bonita Peak Mining District in Colorado, where the Gold King Mine is located, to be listed as a Superfund site.

Can you buy a Superfund site?

the process begins with the current owner. As with the purchase of any property, negotiations to buy a Superfund site begin with the current owner who can be identified through property title or tax records. EPA rarely owns the site being cleaned up.

Where does Superfund money come from?

The Superfund trust fund receives money from three major sources annually: • $553 million from petroleum excise taxes; • $273 million from chemical feedstock excise taxes; and • $504 million from environmental income taxes.

How do Superfund sites work?

It allows EPA to clean up contaminated sites. It also forces the parties responsible for the contamination to either perform cleanups or reimburse the government for EPA-led cleanup work. When there is no viable responsible party, Superfund gives EPA the funds and authority to clean up contaminated sites.

How do Superfund sites become contaminated?

Sediments can become contaminated in a number of ways: Urban runoff that discharges to surface waters often contains oil, grease, heavy metals and other harmful substances. Agricultural runoff may contain nutrients and pesticides.

What is the Superfund process?

It is a list of the worst hazardous waste sites identified by Superfund. The list is largely based on the score a site receives from the Hazard Ranking System. This stage involves an evaluation of the nature and extent of contamination at a site and assessing potential threats to human health and the environment.

What is the cleanest state to live in?

The cleanest states
  1. 1. California Cleanliness Score: 7.36. California is the cleanest state overall with a cleanliness score of 7.36. …
  2. HawaiiCleanliness Score: 6.94. Hawaii claims second place with a cleanliness score of 6.94. …
  3. WashingtonCleanliness Score: 6.40.
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What is the cleanest city in the US?

Honolulu, Hawaii ranks first as the cleanest city in the U.S. Despite being the most fossil fuel-dependent state in the U.S., due to its reliance on tourism and the military, Hawaii is currently working to achieve 100% clean energy by 2045.

Where is the most toxic place on Earth located?

The Blacksmith Institute, a pollution-centered non-profit, ranked Agbogbloshie Dumpsite in Accra, Ghana as the most toxic, polluted place in the world, with Chernobyl coming in second.

Why are there so many Superfund sites in NJ?

Some common contaminated sites include abandoned warehouses, manufacturing facilities, processing plants and landfills. In response to growing concern over health and environmental risks posed by these contaminated sites, the 96th Congress established the Superfund program in 1980 to clean up these sites.

How do I clean my Superfund site?

Are there any Superfund sites in Florida?

The 30-acre Agrico Chemical Company Superfund site is in Pensacola, Florida. It includes an area where agrichemical production operations took place from 1891 to 1975. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1989 because facility operations contaminated groundwater, sludge and soil.

Does Superfund still exist?

There are 40,000 federal Superfund sites across the country, and approximately 1,600 of those sites have been listed on the National Priorities List (NPL). Sites on the NPL are considered the most highly contaminated and undergo longer-term remedial investigation and remedial action (cleanups).

Is Butte a Superfund site?

In 1983, the Butte Area was declared a Federal Superfund Site. The Superfund designation paved the way for remediation and restoration of the environment throughout western Montana damaged by a century of mining and smelting in Butte and Anaconda, Montana.

How long does it take to clean a Superfund site?

For planning its Superfund activities, EPA set an expectation for 1993 that sites would be cleaned up within 5 years of being listed. EPA officials said that they have not formally revised the expectation, but now believe that sites will be cleaned up within 7 or 8 years of their listing.

What Are Superfund Sites?

7 Super Toxic U.S. Sites

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