What Do Smokejumpers Do?

What Do Smokejumpers Do?

Smokejumpers are wildland firefighters trained to parachute into fires. … Smokejumpers are also called upon to provide rescue and first-aid services on fires and other emergencies in rugged and remote locations.

What is the main function of a smoke jumper?

Their primary mission is fire suppression and with the speed, range, and capacity of their fixed-wing aircraft, smokejumpers are capable of quickly delivering as few as two or as many as 12 firefighters with equipment and supplies, directly to the fire in a single trip.

What do Smokejumpers do when they land?

Smokejumpers are survivalists. They are the initial force to calm wildland fires in remote areas. Tools, food and water are dropped by parachute to the firefighters after they land, then it’s up to each firefighter to be self-sufficient for about 48 hours.

How much money do Smokejumpers make a year?

The salaries of Smoke Jumpers in the US range from $23,010 to $79,490 , with a median salary of $46,870 . The middle 60% of Smoke Jumpers makes $46,870, with the top 80% making $79,490.

What is the difference between Smokejumpers and firefighters?

As nouns the difference between firefighter and smokejumper

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is that firefighter is a person who puts out fires while smokejumper is a firefighter who parachutes into a remote area to combat wildfires.

Is smokejumpers a real job?

Smokejumpers are specially trained wildland firefighters who provide an initial attack response on remote wildland fires. They are inserted at the site of the fire by parachute. In addition to performing the initial attack on wildfires, they may also provide leadership for extended attacks on wildland fires.

What states have smokejumpers?

The U.S. Forest Service has about 320 smokejumpers that work from seven bases located in following areas:
  • Grangeville, Idaho.
  • McCall, Idaho.
  • Missoula, Montana.
  • Redding, California.
  • Redmond, Oregon.
  • West Yellowstone, Montana.
  • Winthrop, Washington.

Do smokejumpers make good money?

A smokejumper earns around $16.00 per hour while a smokejumper foreman earns about $24.00 per hour. Smokejumpers are paid nothing extra for making parachute jumps; however, they do receive hazard pay equivalent to 25 percent of their base pay when working on an uncontrolled wildfire.

What are the risks of being a smokejumper?

Danger and pain lurk around every corner: intense drilling, training injuries, air sickness, bad drops, hard landings, crashing boulders, wild animals, the grief of losing comrades and, of course, the smokejumper’s scariest enemy, fire.

Why are smokejumpers called to put out a fire?

Why are smokejumpers called to put out a fire? It is easier for them to put out a fire. It is safer for them to fight a fire.

How many smokejumpers have died?

This information is a tribute to the more than 5,000 men and women who have served our nation as smokejumpers since the start of the program in 1939. These are the accounts of the lives and deaths of the more than 30 smokejumpers who have been killed in the line of duty. Read their stories.

How many smoke jumpers are there?

Smokejumpers load up into fixed-wing aircraft and dive into the hot zone. It’s quite possibly the most elite, specialized job in the entire fire service. And as a result, there’s only about 270 of them in active duty. Take a look at some facts about these upper echelon skydiving fire chasers.

How do you jump smoke?

To get hired as a smokejumper, one must already have experience fighting wildfires on the ground. Rookies need to already know how to use wildfire-fighting tools, be in peak physical condition, and be able to stay calm under severe stress.

Who were the first smoke jumpers?

The Birth of the Smokejumpers

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Smokejumping was born on the Nez Perce National Forest. It was on the Nez Perce National Forests’s Moose Creek Ranger District that Rufus Robinson of Kooskia, Idaho and Earl Cooley, of Hamilton, Montana, made the nation’s first “live” fire jump, at the Martin Creek Fire on July 12, 1940.

How many hours do smokejumpers work?

They organize on a dime, remain completely self-sufficient for up to 72 hours, create access points for other arriving forces and provide seasoned leadership for assembling crews. They don’t always parachute to their destinations, of course.

How much do hotshots get paid?

How much does a Hotshot Wildland Firefighter in United States make? The highest salary for a Hotshot Wildland Firefighter in United States is $92,430 per year. The lowest salary for a Hotshot Wildland Firefighter in United States is $31,112 per year.

How much money do fire jumpers make?

Smokejumpers, also spelled smoke jumpers, employed in California make an average annual salary of $62,285, which equals about $30/hour. Entry-level smokejumpers can expect to make approximately $45,495/year, while senior-level smoker jumpers earn approximately $76,290/year.

What is the most common cause of death by wildland firefighters?

The four major causes of death—heart attacks (41 fatalities, 24 percent), vehicle accidents (34 fatalities, 20 percent), aircraft accidents (31 fatalities, 18 percent), and entrapments (28 fatalities, 17 percent)—were responsible for 79 percent of the total number of fatalities.

How many smoke jumpers in USA?

450 jumpers
The United States has about 450 jumpers at nine smokejumper bases across the western U.S. (Conversely, Russia uses about 4,000 jumpers.) Boise, ID and Fairbanks, AK are the two BLM jump bases.

Are Smokejumpers hotshots?

Hotshots and Smokejumpers are elite firefighters both battling wildfires before it spreads far enough to pose a threat. However, Mallia said there is a difference. “The biggest difference is just the way we’re delivered to the fire. So Smokejumpers are delivered aerial.

What is a smoke diver?

The smoke divers course is an advanced level firefighting course designed to teach the firefighter the limitations and capabilities of the Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (S.C.B.A.) and the firefighter’s own body.

What do wildland firefighters do in the offseason?

During the off-season, wildland firefighters may still work full-time as firefighters. However, seasonal wildland firefighters work during the fire season and may collect unemployment, travel, work other jobs, or further their education during the off-season.

What is a hotshot firefighter?

A hotshot crew consists of 20 specially-trained firefighters. They provide an organized, mobile, and skilled workforce for all phases of wildland fire management. Hotshot crews receive top-notch training, adhere to high physical standards, and have the ability to take on difficult assignments.

What kind of parachutes do smokejumpers use?

On average, smokejumpers primarily use the DC-7 over the CR-360, this is due primarily because they were initially trained on the DC-7, but during spring refresher training, smokejumpers try to jump both parachutes to remain proficient.

Can hotshots have beards?

Can hotshots have beards? Generally, no, you will not be allowed to have a beard and will most likely be required to be clean shaven all times while on duty.

What killed the Yarnell hotshots?

The Yarnell Hill Fire claimed the lives of 19 members of the Granite Mountain Hotshots. All but one crew member died in the wildfire south of Prescott after a change in wind direction pushed the flames back toward their position.

What height do smokejumpers jump from?

This fixed-wing aircraft will fly at 3,000 feet above ground level for Bureau of Land Management U.S. Forest Service smokejumpers that use square parachutes. The height above ground allows smokejumpers to safely exit the plane near a wildland fire.

Why do hotshots wear yellow?

To find out what Paul and Tess are wearing, click on the gear list below. A wildland firefighter’s standard-issue fire shirt is made of fire-resistant Nomex material and is always bright yellow for easy visibility.

Do smokejumpers work alone?

The book’s title comes from the name of the profession: smokejumpers insert into remote, inaccessible areas of forests in order to stop forest fires from becoming catastrophic. Because their work is conducted in isolation, they carry everything they need to survive and control a blaze—over 100 pounds of gear in all.

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Are there any female smokejumpers?

Of those in fire, 18 percent were women. Among firefighters, particularly the high-level hotshot and smokejumping teams, the ratio is much lower. The agency’s 11 hotshot crews employ one to three women on a typical 20-person team, and this year there are three female smokejumpers of 140 nationwide.

Learn More About Smokejumpers, The Warriors Of The West

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