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what continent are the andes mountains located

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In which continent of the world Andes Mountains are located?

South America
Andes Mountains, also called the Andes, Spanish Cordillera de los Andes or Los Andes, mountain system of South America and one of the great natural features on Earth.

Where are the Andes Mountains located?

The Andes extend from north to south through seven South American countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. Along their length, the Andes are split into several ranges, separated by intermediate depressions.

Where is the Andean region located?

Colombia
The Andean natural region, located in central Colombia, is the most populated natural region of Colombia. With many mountains contains most of the country’s urban centers. They were also the location of the most significant pre-Columbian indigenous settlements.

Is the Andes Mountains in Russia?

This long mountain range extends from the north to south direction straddling the seven South American nations of Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.

Which climate is located east of the Andes range?

The Andes run through the center of the country. Plains lie along its western coasts. To the east is the lowland jungle of the Amazon Basin. Peru’s climate is diverse; it ranges from temperate to extremely cold in the Andes, to the dry western desert, to tropical in the east.

What type of mountains are the Andes mountains?

Fold mountains are the most common type of mountain in the world. The rugged, soaring heights of the Himalayas, Andes, and Alps are all active fold mountains.

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What originated in the Andes of South America?

Potatoes and tomatoes, two of the most widespread crops on our planet, originated from the Andes. Over 3,800 different types of potatoes are grown in Peru alone. Coca leaves also famously originate from the western slopes of the Andean mountains.

Where is Alps mountain?

Located in Central Europe, the Alps stretch across the countries of France, Italy, Germany, Austria, Slovenia, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein. As with nearby mountain chains, the Alps are very important as they contribute much of what is left of the original forest cover of central and southern Europe.

Do the Andes mountains run through Brazil?

Going by most geographic definitions, the Andes Mountains of South America do not extend into the country of Brazil.

How many mountains are in the Andes?

By this criterion there are currently exactly one hundred 6000m peaks in the Andes. Of the total of 100 peaks, 15 are in the Cordillera Blanca of Peru and 39 are in the Puna de Atacama area of Chile and Argentina.

The 6000m peaks of the Andes.
2
PEAK Ojos del Salado
HEIGHT 6893
GRADE F/PD
AREA Puna

Are the Rockies and the Andes the same mountain range?

The Rocky Mountains are part of the longest mountain range in the world. They run down the western part of North America, from Alaska to Mexico and continue as the Andes Mountains in South America.

What are the 5 regions of Colombia?

Colombia can be divided into five traditional geographic regions: the Atlantic lowlands, the Pacific coastal region, the Andean region, the Llanos, and the Amazonian rainforest.

What lake straddles the border between Peru and Bolivia?

The lake lies on the high Andes plateau, along the border between Peru and Bolivia. It is the highest major body of navigable water in the world (3,800 meters or 12,500 feet in elevation) and the largest lake in South America. Lake Titicaca is one of the most popular tourist attractions in South America.

How do the Andes Mountains impact South America?

The Andes form a huge barrier between the eastern Pacific Ocean and the rest of the continent of South America. This barrier impacts the climate of South America. … The west side of the central Andes is extremely dry and includes the Atacama Desert in northern Chile; the eastern part of the central Andes is much wetter.

What major river is located in South America?

the Amazon
South America is a continent of extremes. It is home to the world’s largest river (the Amazon) as well as the world’s driest place (the Atacama Desert).Jan 4, 2012

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What are the four climate regions of the Andes mountains?

Vertical climatic zones are particularly well-defined in the Andes, ranging from humid to warm (tierra caliente) at the base or foothills; temperate and semi-humid (tierra templada) at mid-level; cool and dry (tierra fría) in the highlands; and cold to freezing (tierra helada) in the glacial summit areas.

What are the five climate zones of the Andes?

∎ Five climate zones: Caliente (hot), Templada (warm), Fria (cold), Helada (frozen), and Paramos. formed by the subduction of the Pacific plate beneath South America. Argentina – South of Santiago the mountains are lower.

What is the climate of the Andes mountains?

The climate of the Andes is very diverse climate. … The northern part of the Andes is rainy and warm. The southern part is rainy and cold and the central part is very dry. The mountains have a large influence on the climate in the surrounding areas; especially in the interior where the Andes borders the rainforest.

What are 4 types of mountains?

Mountains are divided into four main types: upwarped, volcanic, fault-block, and folded (complex). Upwarped mountains form from pressure under the earth’s crust pushing upward into a peak. Volcanic mountains are formed from eruptions of hot magma from the earth’s core.

What are the 3 types of mountains?

Types of mountains. There are three main types of mountains: volcanic, fold, and block. A more detailed classification useful on a local scale predates plate tectonics and adds to the above categories.

Is Andes a block mountain?

Many of the world’s great mountain ranges are fold mountains including the Andes, Himalayas, and the Rockies. … The Sierra Nevada Mountains in the western United States are fault-block mountains. Volcanic mountains – Mountains that are caused by volcanic activity are called volcanic mountains.

Where is the Andes located in South America?

The Andes Mountains line the western edge of South America, from Venezuela all the way along Chile to South America’s southern tip, crossing through Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.

Which countries in South America are on the equator?

Q: The equator crosses which three South American nations? A: Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil. It misses Peru’s northern tip by a few miles.

Which rivers originate in the Andes Mountains?

The Marañón, Mantaro and Apurímac Rivers originate in the high mountain area of the Peruvian Andes at altitudes over 5,000 metres (16,000 ft). All three sources are considered to be the source of the Amazon, but from different points of view.

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Where is Alps mountain located in world map?

The Alps are an extensive mountain system that is located in south-central Europe. These mountain ranges extend for about 1,200 km in a crescent shape across eight Alpine countries, namely Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, and Switzerland.

What mountain is between France Spain?

the Pyrenees Mountains
Southwest Europe: In the Pyrenees Mountains of Spain, France, and Andorra. The Pyrenees, a mountain system that bridges Central and Mediterranean Europe contains high levels of biodiversity and many endemic species.

Are the Alps in Belgium?

The Alps form a large mountain range dominating Central Europe, including parts of Italy, France, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Austria, Slovenia, Germany and possibly Hungary (if one includes the Kőszeg Mountains in the Alps).

Why is Andes Mountains important for South America?

The Andes play a vital part in national economies, accounting for a significant proportion of the region’s GDP, providing large agricultural areas, mineral resources, and water for agriculture, hydroelectricity (Figure 1), domestic use, and some of the largest business centres in South America.

Where do rivers run from the Andes Mountains to?

The major basins lie east of the Andes, and the main rivers flow to the Atlantic Ocean. The four largest drainage systems—the Amazon, Río de la Plata (Paraguay, Paraná, and Uruguay rivers), Orinoco, and São Francisco—cover about two-thirds of the continent.

What are the three main branches of the Andes that run through Colombia?

Its geography, water resources, and great cultural and natural wealth will leave you wanting more. The three branches of the Colombian Andes—the Cordillera Occidental, Cordillera Central, and Cordillera Oriental—are home to valleys, canyons, and plateaus that fill the area to the brim with breathtaking beauty.

What is the third highest mountain in the Andes?

The Tallest Mountains In The South American Andes
Rank Elevation (in meters) Name of Mountain
1 6,962 Aconcagua
2 6,891 Ojos del Salado
3 6,792 Monte Pissis
4 6,768 Huascarán

Is Mount Everest part of the Andes mountain range?

Part of the Andes mountain range, Aconcagua is the second highest of the Seven Summits (the highest peaks on each continent), behind only Mount Everest in Asia.

What’s the highest mountain in the Andes?

Aconcagua

What mountain range is found in South Central Europe?

Carpathian Mountain Range
The major mountain range located in south-central Europe is called the Carpathian Mountain Range, or just the Carpathian Mountains.

13 Fascinating Facts About The Andes Mountain

Andes Mountains

Formation of the Andes Mountains

SOUTH-AMERICA The Andean Mountains

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