what aspect of aztec society depended on the conquest of neighboring peoples


What Aspect Of Aztec Society Depended On The Conquest Of Neighboring Peoples?

What aspect of Aztec society depended on the conquest of neighboring peoples? Priests in charge of the religious system promised fertility of Aztec land but demanded human sacrifices, including thousands of men and women from captured tribes.

Who was primarily responsible for the conquest of the Aztecs in the early 16th century?

After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Cortés’ men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtémoc, the Aztec emperor.

Which of the following characteristics did the Aztec and Spanish civilizations share?

What characteristics did the Aztec and Spanish civilizations share? Powerful noble and priestly classes; large cities; a largely rural and agriculture population; merchants; skilled craftsmen and guilds; expansionist aims. their civilization and Protestant religion were superior.

What common characteristic did the Aztecs and Incas share?

The civilizations of the Maya, Aztec, and Inca that once flourished in Central and South America shared common elements. People practiced farming, developed social structures, raised armies, and worshipped many gods. The three civilizations were as diverse as the terrains in which they lived.

What was the significance of Bartolomeu Dias’s journey around the Cape of Good Hope in the 1480s quizlet?

What was the significance of Bartolomeu Dias’s journey around the Cape of Good Hope in the 1480s? It showed that one could sail from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian Ocean.

How did the Spanish conquest affect the Aztecs?

The Spanish had a positive effect on Aztec civilization because they helped modernize the society. They introduced the Aztecs to domestic animals, sugar, grains, and European farming practices. Most significantly, the Spanish ended the Aztec’s practice of human sacrifice.

How did the Aztecs treat conquered peoples?

The Aztecs conquered the surrounding peoples. However, the Aztecs did not usually n other nations. Instead, they forced them to pay tribute (goods like gold, feathers, weapons, and precious stones). … Furthermore, the conquered people had to send soldiers to serve the Aztec emperor when they were needed.

What did the Aztecs expect those in captured regions to do?

According to historical records, what did the Aztecs expect those in captured regions to do? … They had to sacrifice their children to the Aztec gods for the benefit of the rulers.

What were the Aztecs known for?

The Aztecs were famous for their agriculture, land, art, and architecture. They developed writing skills, a calendar system and also built temples and places of worship. They were also known for being fierce and unforgiving. To please their gods they sacrificed humans!

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What were the Aztecs culture?

MATOS MOCTEZUMA: The Aztec was fundamentally a culture based on war and agriculture. Their two most important deities were Huitzilopochtli, the god of war, and Tlaloc, the god of rain. The duality of war and agriculture was crucial for the Aztec economy.

How did the Aztec society differ from Inca society?

The Aztec chose rulers based on heredity; the Inca chose rulers based on merit. The Aztec were industrialized; the Inca relied on agriculture. The Aztec prayed to the god Quetzalcoatl for prosperity; the Inca prayed to Inti.

How were the Inca and Aztec societies similar?

The Inca and Aztec empires were very similar. They were based on managing resources and goods, and the economy was centered around their agriculture. The Incas and the Aztecs were orgianlly clan based but they grew into thriving empires. Both civilizations were also based off of earlier civilizations before them.

How were the Aztec and Inca civilizations different?

Aztecs had a commendable armed force under their leadership but were still behind Incas, whereas Incas, on the other hand, had a bigger empire compared to Aztecs. Aztecs were somehow less civilized and more on the rude side. … Aztecs lived around the Mexico Valley, whereas the Incas resided around the Andes Mountains.

How did allegiance to an emperor make the Aztec and Inca peoples vulnerable to conquest quizlet?

How did allegiance to an emperor make the Aztec and Inca peoples vulnerable to invasion? … The Incas were aware of Spanish defeat of the Aztecs.

What was an impact on the Native American population as a result of the Columbian Exchange?

Physical and psychological stress, including mass violence, compounded their effect. The impact was most severe in the Caribbean, where by 1600 Native American populations on most islands had plummeted by more than 99 percent. Across the Americas, populations fell by 50 percent to 95 percent by 1650.

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What was an immediate effect of Christopher Columbus’s voyages to the Americas quizlet?

What was an immediate effect of Christopher Columbus’s voyages to the Americas? Many explorers followed in his path. Columbus’s voyages inspired other explorers to set sail and head west in search of gold, land, and adventure. From which region did the very first humans to settle in the Americas most likely migrate?

What were the effects of the Spanish conquest of the Americas?

When the Spanish conquered the Americas, they brought in their own religion. Hundreds of Native Americans converted to Christianity. Churches, monasteries, shrines and parishes were built. This was one of the Spanish’s main goals in colonization, as well as giving Spain more power.

What happened during the Spanish conquest?

Between 1519 and 1521, Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, overthrew the Aztec Empire. This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. Cortés helped old enemies of the Aztecs defeat them in one of the most important events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.

How did the Spanish conquest affect social structure in Mexico?

How did spanish conquest affect social structure in Mexico? … It made Mexico better because they had needed jobs so they became migrant workers. government redistribuded the land.

How did the Aztecs treat conquered peoples quizlet?

How did the Aztec’s deal with conquered people? Conquered people had to pay tribute to the emperor and were often used as human sacrifices.

How did the Aztec nation create wealth from the nations surrounding them?

The Aztecs gained the majority of their wealth through trade and taxation. Each land conquered by the Aztecs were charged taxes in the form of goods…

How did the Aztecs conquer?

In 1521, Hernán Cortés, along with an allied army of other Native Americans, conquered the Aztecs through germ warfare (germ theory not being established until 1560 by earliest records, this was an unintentional result of Europeans coming to the New World), siege warfare, psychological warfare, and from direct combat.

How did the Aztecs influence us today?

The Aztecs were a prominent influence on the world in which we live today. … With their court structures and judges, the Aztecs had an incredibly sophisticated justice system. This is demonstrated in their countless laws against theft, murder and vandalizing–they also had laws enforcing temperance among the citizens.

How were the Aztecs governed?

The Aztec government was similar to a monarchy where an Emperor or King was the primary ruler. They called their ruler the Huey Tlatoani. The Huey Tlatoani was the ultimate power in the land. They felt that he was appointed by the gods and had the divine right to rule.

Where did the Aztecs settle?

Tenochtitlan was located on a swampy island in Lake Texcoco in what is today south central Mexico. The Aztecs were able to settle there because no one else wanted the land.

What made the Aztecs an advanced civilization?

The Aztecs were very advanced scientific thinkers and mathematicians. The Aztec number system was far more advanced than other cultures at the time. … Aztec astronomy was also an important component of their calendar, which reflected heavily on their gods. The Aztecs were also advanced in the development of medicine.

What was the Aztecs social structure?

The Aztecs followed a strict social hierarchy in which individuals were identified as nobles (pipiltin), commoners (macehualtin), serfs, or slaves. The noble class consisted of government and military leaders, high level priests, and lords (tecuhtli). … The tecuhtli included landowners, judges, and military commanders.

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How did the Aztecs adapt to their environment?

They adapted to their environment. They built canoes so they could hunt and fish. They created medicines from the many plants they found in the area. They created floating gardens for more places to grow food.

What was the Aztec environment like?

The Aztec civilization developed in the Valley of Mexico, wedged between high mountains and surrounded by lakes that provided fish, waterfowl, potable water and reeds for thatching and weaving. The climate was mild. The Aztecs extended for roughly 800 miles along a northwest-southeast axis.

What invention helped the Inca travel long distances and communicate with their neighbors?

Runners called chasquis traversed the roads in a continuous relay system, ensuring quick communication over long distances. The Inca had no system of writing, however. They communicated and kept records using a system of colored strings and knots called the quipu. The Inca had no written language.

Did the Aztecs domesticate animals?

The Aztecs created carefully observed sculptures of domesticated animals such as turkeys and dogs, as well as wild coyotes, snakes, and jaguars.

How was the Inca rulers chosen?

Although the Inca believed the Sapa to be the son of Inti (the Inca Sun god) and often referred to him as Intip Churin or ‘Son of the Sun,’ the position eventually became hereditary, with son succeeding father.

How were Inca and Aztec religious practices similar How were they different?

Both the Incas and Aztecs believed in and worshipped the sun god. They both practiced and participated in human sacrifices. … The Incas and Aztecs had a polytheistic religion meaning they only beilved in one god. The kings of the Incas and the Aztecs were seen as gods and were widely respected.

How did the civilization of the Aztecs differ from other societies of North America?

They also had a very highly developed religious structure which differed from one group to another. The Aztec were the most notorious for their practice of human sacrifice. The Indians of North America never developed large cities, but tended to live and function within small communities.

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