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what animals live in the arctic and antarctic

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What Animals Live In The Arctic And Antarctic?

Arctic Wildlife

In the Arctic you can find many animals roaming the land such as: Arctic fox, Arctic hares, seals, walrus, caribou, reindeer, musk ox, lemmings, squirrels, many species of birds, and of course, polar bears. It is also home to many species of whales like narwhal, beluga, bowhead, and some orca whales. In the Arctic you can find many animals roaming the land such as: Arctic fox, Arctic hares

Arctic hares
Young Arctic hares are almost full size by late July (some weeks after birth) and breed for the first time after a year of age. There is little information on the lifespan of Arctic hares. Some anecdotal evidence suggests they live three to five years in the wild.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Arctic_hare

, seals, walrus, caribou, reindeer, musk ox, lemmings, squirrels, many species of birds, and of course, polar bears. It is also home to many species of whales like narwhal, beluga, bowhead

bowhead
These two specific gene mutations linked to the bowhead whale’s ability to live longer are the ERCC1 gene and the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) gene. ERCC1 is linked to DNA repair and increased cancer resistance. PCNA is also important in DNA repair.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Bowhead_whale

, and some orca whales

orca whales
Blackfish: A catch-all slang term for small, dark-colored toothed whales such as the pygmy sperm whale, the false killer whale, and the short-finned pilot whale.

What animals live in both the Arctic and Antarctic?

Species living at both poles include cold-water worms, crustaceans, sea cucumbers and snail-like pteropods. They make up two percent of the 7,500 Antarctic and 5,500 Arctic animals known to date, out of a global total estimated at up to 250,000.

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What do the Arctic and Antarctic have in common?

Both poles are similar in temperature. Both the Arctic and Antarctic are solid ice, with snow on top. Antarctica is quite a small continent that nobody can visit. Humans cannot live in the Arctic.

What animals live on Antarctic?

Top Ten Animals You Can See in Antarctica
  • Adélie Penguins. …
  • Chinstrap Penguins. …
  • Leopard Seals. …
  • Elephant Seals. …
  • Snow Petrels. …
  • King Penguins. …
  • Emperor Penguins. …
  • Killer Whales (Orcas)

What are 4 animals that live in the Arctic?

Arctic Animals List
  • Arctic tern.
  • Arctic woolly bear. moth.
  • Musk oxen.
  • Narwhal.
  • Beluga.
  • Polar Bear.
  • Reindeer / caribou.
  • Greenland shark.

Do penguins live in the Artic and Antartic?

There are no penguins in the Arctic or the South Pole.

One of the most common mistakes is that penguins live in the Arctic. In fact, this penguin-free region is home to another charismatic bird—the Atlantic puffin. … (The Arctic’s own flightless bird, the great auk, was killed off in 1844.)

Where is the Artic and Antartic?

The Arctic encompasses a vast frozen ocean around the North Pole, surrounded by the landmasses of North America, Greenland, Svalbard, Northern Europe and Russia, while Antarctica is a frozen continent anchored by the South Pole and surrounded by vast open oceans.

What would Antarctica be like without ice?

The weather will be fairly harsh even without the ice (six month “seasons” of summer sun and winter darkness), and Antarctica gets little precipitation, so will be quite dry and arid.

What is the difference between Artic and Antartic?

The Arctic is an ocean, covered by a thin layer of perennial sea ice and surrounded by land. (“Perennial” refers to the oldest and thickest sea ice.) Antarctica, on the other hand, is a continent, covered by a very thick ice cap and surrounded by a rim of sea ice and the Southern Ocean.

How are the Arctic and Antarctic regions different in terms of climate and animals?

The arctic region consists of vast ice covered ocean. … It consists of ice shelves, water, islands and the continent of Antarctica which is the coldest continent among all. The temperatures are usually freezing throughout the year. The animals present in this region includes seals, penguins, whales etc.

How many animals are in the Antarctic?

Earth’s coldest, driest and windiest continent may not be very hospitable to human life, but the wonders of adaptation mean Antarctica’s waters and lands are home to 235 animal species.

What are some predators in Antarctica?

Like all penguins, their main predators at sea are leopard seals. On land, predatory seabirds such as skuas, southern giant petrels and snowy sheathbills pose a threat, particularly to fluffy chicks.

What animals live in Antarctica and how do they survive?

Physical adaptations
  • Emperor penguins are a very good example. …
  • Whales, seals and some penguins have thick layers of fat (or blubber). …
  • Emperor penguins have special nasal chambers which recover heat lost through breathing. …
  • Antarctic krill must survive the dark winter months when food is scarce.
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Do any animals live in the Arctic?

It sits at the top of world, covered in sea ice—a seemingly unwelcome place for life. Yet the Arctic is actually teeming with wildlife, from large mammals like walruses and polar bears to birds, fish, small plants, and even tiny ocean organisms called plankton. The Arctic region covers much of Earth’s northern pole.

Are Penguins arctic animals?

Penguins are not arctic animals, but rather live at the South Pole, or Antarctic, and in surrounding areas. There are many types of penguins, some of which even migrate short distances to different breeding or feeding grounds, but for the most part they confine themselves to the southernmost latitudes of the world.

Where do narwhals live?

Arctic Ocean
About the Species. Narwhals are found in the Arctic Ocean. Generally male narwhals have a tooth that grows into a long clockwise-spiraled tusk, resembling a unicorn horn. Narwhals, like all marine mammals, are protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act.

What animal is only found in the Arctic?

These include the polar bear (as much a marine as a terrestrial animal), caribou, arctic wolf, arctic fox, arctic weasel, arctic hare, brown and collared lemmings, ptarmigan, gyrfalcon, and snowy owl.

Do polar bears live in the Arctic?

Polar bears live in the Arctic, on ice-covered waters. Polar bears rely on sea ice to access the seals that are their primary source of food, as well as to rest and breed. The total polar bear population is divided into 19 units or subpopulations. … There are 22,000-31,000 polar bears in the wild.

Do polar bears live in the Arctic or Antarctic?

Polar bears live in the Arctic, but not Antarctica. Down south in Antarctica you’ll find penguins, seals, whales and all kinds of seabirds, but never polar bears. Even though the north and south polar regions both have lots of snow and ice, polar bears stick to the north.

Is Antarctica colder than Arctic?

The main reason that Antarctica is colder than the Arctic is that Antarctica is a landmass surrounded by ocean, and the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by landmasses. Antarctica also has a much higher average elevation than the Arctic, and the Antarctic Ice Sheet is bigger and thicker than the ice in the Arctic.

Is there more ice in the Arctic or Antarctic?

Antarctica has younger, thinner ice

Compared to the Arctic, Antarctic sea ice is less likely to survive the summer melt season. … Most of Antarctica’s sea ice is only one winter old at most. So even though it may cover a larger area in winter, Antarctica’s sea ice is thin, often 1 meter (about 3 feet) or less.

Where does Penguin live?

Penguins are only found in the Southern Hemisphere. The greatest concentrations are on Antarctic coasts and sub-Antarctic islands. There are 18 species of penguins, 5 of which live in Antarctica. Another 4 species live on sub-Antarctic islands.

What is beneath Antarctica?

Scientists have discovered two new lakes buried deep beneath the Antarctic Ice Sheet. These hidden gems of frigid water are part of a vast network of ever-changing lakes hidden beneath 1.2 to 2.5 miles (2 to 4 kilometers) of ice on the southernmost continent.

Does Antarctica have trees?

On the other end of the world in the the Antarctic, one can find another type of “tree” – or rather remains of trees. … These petrified treed formed approximately 40 million years ago, when the Antarctic climate was just starting to cool down, and and the Antarctic Ice Sheet only covered land around the South Pole.

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Why is no one allowed to go to Antarctica?

Antarctica is the only continent on Earth without a native human population. … Since no country owns Antarctica, no visa is required to travel there. If you are a citizen of a country that is a signatory of the Antarctic Treaty, you do need to get permission to travel to Antarctica.

Which is bigger the Artic and Antartic?

The polar regions cover the ends of the Earth like caps, and the Arctic is just slightly larger than Antarctica. The Arctic covers an area of approximately 14.5 million square km (5.5 million square miles).

Why there is no penguin in North Pole?

There is no water in the north pole for them to hunt because the ice is so thick. … That is why there are no penguins in the north pole, they will always stay where there is easy access to water. Another myth is that all penguins live in Antarctica, but not all do. Penguins can live anywhere in the southern hemisphere.

Why Arctic is not a continent?

The keyword when defining a continent is the term “landmass.” The Arctic or the North Pole is a sea surrounded by land while the Antarctic or the South Pole is a landmass surrounded by sea. The Antarctic, therefore, meets the criteria to be considered a continent while the Arctic does not.

What is the difference between Arctic and Antarctic animals?

As a whole, the Arctic is home to far more animals than the Antarctic. This is helped by the fact that Arctic territories are connected to continents like North America, Europe or Asia; while Antarctic is a harsh and isolated continent. In fact, the largest land animal on the continent is a wingless insect.

Does anyone live in Antarctica?

Although there are no native Antarcticans and no permanent residents or citizens of Antarctica, many people do live in Antarctica each year.

What is the coldest place on Earth?

Oymyakon is the coldest permanently-inhabited place on Earth and is found in the Arctic Circle’s Northern Pole of Cold.

What is the biggest animal in Antarctica?

Southern Blue Whale
Southern Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus intermedia) Southern Blue Whales simultaneously hold the title of the largest animals in Antarctica and the largest animals to ever live on Earth.

What reptile lives in Antarctica?

Antarctica, including the subantarctic islands, has no natural fully terrestrial mammals, reptiles, or amphibians.

Do any mammals live in Antarctica?

Antarctic native mammals are all marine and include seals (pinnipeds), porpoises, dolphins, and whales (cetaceans).

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