FAQ

latitude measures distance from what imaginary line on the globe

the Equator

What do latitude lines measure distance from?

Lines of latitude (parallels) run east-west around the globe and are used to measure distances NORTH and SOUTH of the equator. Since the equator is 0�, the latitude of the north pole, 1/4 of the way around the globe going in a northerly direction, would be 90�N.

What is the imaginary line on the globe called?

The Equator is an imaginary line around the middle of the Earth. It is halfway between the North and South Poles, and divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.

Where are lines of latitude measured from?

the Equator
Lines of latitude are imaginary reference lines that describe how far north or south a location on the Earth is from the Equator. Latitude is measured in degrees, minutes, and seconds north or south with the Equator valued at zero degrees and the north and south poles as 90 degrees north and south, respectively.

What is the distance between latitude and longitude lines?

One degree of latitude equals approximately 364,000 feet (69 miles), one minute equals 6,068 feet (1.15 miles), and one-second equals 101 feet. One-degree of longitude equals 288,200 feet (54.6 miles), one minute equals 4,800 feet (0.91 mile), and one second equals 80 feet.

Why imaginary lines are set on a globe or map?

The imaginary line around the globe are very important because are drawn for navigation and geographic information. These lines are helpful in determining location of an object around the globe. Distances of the objects are also found due to these lines.

How do we mark latitude on a globe?

Answer: Degrees of latitude are measured from an imaginary point at the center of the earth. If the earth was cut in half, this imaginary point would be intersected by a line drawn from the North Pole to the South Pole and by a line drawn from the equator on one side of the earth to the equator on the other.

What is the imaginary lines of latitude?

Latitude is the measurement of distance north or south of the Equator. It is measured with 180 imaginary lines that form circles around the Earth east-west, parallel to the Equator. These lines are known as parallels. A circle of latitude is an imaginary ring linking all points sharing a parallel.

What are the 6 imaginary lines on the globe?

What are the 6 imaginary lines on Earth?
• Equator: This is the king of all imaginary lines.
• Prime Meridian: This line marks zero degrees longitude, and is actually quite arbitrary.
• Missouri Compromise Line:
• Tropic of Capricorn:
• 38th parallel north:
• Mason-Dixon Line:
• Washington meridian:
• 49th parallel north:

Which imaginary line runs the distance around the globe from North to south?

The equator has a measurement of 0-degree latitude. It runs through the middle of the Earth. The equator is equidistant from the North and South poles. Thus, the equator separates the northern and southern hemispheres.

How do lines of latitude vary in length with distance from the equator?

As you move away from the Equator every degree latitude is a little smaller as you are no longer measuring the Earth circumference at the Earth’s widest point. The North Pole is 90 degrees north latitude and is actually just a point.

How do you measure latitude?

It’s possible to measure latitude by comparing your position on Earth with the position of either the sun or the North Star (Polaris). Measurements using the sun are possible on a clear day in the northern or southern hemispheres, when the sun is easy to find.

How many latitudes are there on the globe?

180 degrees
Lines of latitude are known as parallels and there are 180 degrees of latitude in total. The total number of latitudes is also 180; the total number of longitudes is 360.

How do you find the distance?

To solve for distance use the formula for distance d = st, or distance equals speed times time. Rate and speed are similar since they both represent some distance per unit time like miles per hour or kilometers per hour. If rate r is the same as speed s, r = s = d/t.

How do you calculate distance Travelled?

The distance travelled is the path taken by a body to get from an initial point to an end point in a given period of time, at a certain velocity. If the velocity is constant: Distance = time * velocity. d = v*t.

How do you find the distance of a line?

Find the horizontal and vertical distance between the points. First, subtract y2 – y1 to find the vertical distance. Then, subtract x2 – x1 to find the horizontal distance. Don’t worry if the subtraction yields negative numbers.

What is the total number of imaginary lines on the globe?

There are 360 meridians– 180 to the east and 180 to the west of the Prime Meridian. The meridians in the Eastern Hemisphere are marked as ‘E’ and meridians in the Western Hemisphere are marked as ‘W’. The meridian of 180˚ E and meridian of 180˚ W are in the same line.

How do lines of longitude or meridians run on the globe?

Longitude is measured by imaginary lines that run around the Earth vertically (up and down) and meet at the North and South Poles. These lines are known as meridians. Each meridian measures one arcdegree of longitude. The distance around the Earth measures 360 degrees.

Where do the latitude lines in a Globe run through?

Lines of latitude run North-South, while lines of longitude run East-West. Lines of latitude and lines of longitude both run North-South. Lines of latitude run East-West, while lines of longitude run North-South.

What is the main line of latitude?

Equator
What are the Major Lines of Latitude (or Parallels)? The five major parallels of latitudes from north to south are called: Arctic Circle, Tropic of Cancer, Equator, Tropic of Capricorn, and the Antarctic Circle.

Which imaginary lines on the globe are more in numbers?

These lines are called parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude. Two of these imaginary reference lines, the equator and the prime meridian, are called primary reference lines because they are where we start the numbering system.

What are the lines on the globe?

Latitude and Longitude

Maps and globes usually have lines on them to help locate places on Earth. These lines are called latitude and longitude lines. These lines are not actually on the planet, but are imaginary lines used to help us find our way around the curved surface of Earth.

What are the three imaginary lines on our globe?

Longitude, the prime meridian, the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer. Any axis about which an object spins is an imaginary line.

What imaginary lines run on a globe from East to West?

The imaginary lines circling the globe in an east-west direction are called the lines of latitude (or parallels, as they are parallel to the equator). They are used to measure distances north and south of the equator. The lines circling the globe in a north-south direction are called lines of longitude (or meridians).

What imaginary lines run north and south?

Meridians. Imaginary lines that run north and south on a map from pole to pole. Meridians express degrees of longitude, or how far a place is away from the prime meridian.

Is an imaginary line around the Earth 23 26 south of the equator?

the Tropic of Capricorn
tropic. one of the two imaginary lines around the Earth on either side of the equator. The Tropic of Cancer is 23° 26′ north of it and the Tropic of Capricorn is 23° 26′ south of it.

What is the name of the imaginary line that is at 0 latitude?

the Prime Meridian
The Equator is the line of zero degrees latitude around the middle of Earth. Image: NASA, public domain. Zero degrees longitude is an imaginary line known as the Prime Meridian.Sep 17, 2015

How do distances vary between latitude lines and between longitude lines what is the distance on Earth’s surface between each degree of latitude longitude?

However, the Earth is slightly elliptical in shape and that creates a small variation between the degrees as we work our way from the equator to the north and south poles. Each degree of latitude is approximately 69 miles (111 kilometers) apart. … At each of the poles, the distance is 69.407 miles (111.699 kilometers).

How do lines of latitude vary in length with distance from the equator quizlet?

How do lines of latitude vary in length with distance from the equator? Lines of latitude decrease in length with increasing distance from the equator.

Are all lines of latitude equal distance apart explain?

Lines of equal latitude are always the same distance apart, and so they are called parallels of latitude; they never converge. However, the circles created by the parallels of latitude do get smaller as they approach the poles.

How do you calculate distance using latitude and longitude?

For this divide the values of longitude and latitude of both the points by 180/pi. The value of pi is 22/7. The value of 180/pi is approximately 57.29577951. If we want to calculate the distance between two places in miles, use the value 3, 963, which is the radius of Earth.

How do you measure latitude and longitude on a map?

Latitude is indicated on a map by a series of evenly-spaced horizontal lines running from one side of the map to the other, while longitude is indicated by a series of evenly-spaced vertical lines running from top to bottom. Look for numbers along the edges of the map giving coordinates for each line.

What are the 2 main lines of longitude?

1. Prime Meridian = Longitude 0o (Greenwich Meridian). 2. International Date Line (Longitude 180o).

Latitudes & Longitudes | CBSE | Class 5 Social Studies| Our Earth & the Globe |

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