how were the spanish and portuguese colonies similar


How Were The Spanish And Portuguese Colonies Similar?

They both tried to convert people to Christianity. They both traded and enslaved natives. They relied on trade and slavery. Different: Spain’s empire had mineral wealth while Portugal relied on agriculture and cattle.

What was the primary difference between Spanish and Portuguese colonization?

What was the primary difference between the Spanish and Portuguese empires? Unlike the Spanish empire that was almost exclusively American, the Portuguese empire included colonies and outposts in Asia and Africa as well as Brazil.

What was the purpose Portuguese and Spanish colonies?

Their goals were to expand Catholicism and to gain a commercial advantage over Portugal. To those ends, Ferdinand and Isabella sponsored extensive Atlantic exploration. Spain’s most famous explorer, Christopher Columbus, was actually from Genoa, Italy.

What is the relationship between Portugal and Spain?

Current relations between Spain and Portugal are outstandingly good. They cooperate in the fight against drug trafficking and forest fires (common in the Iberian Peninsula in summers), for example.

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What did Spain and Portugal do in Latin America?

On June 7, 1494, the governments of Spain and Portugal agreed to the Treaty of Tordesillas, named for the city in Spain in which it was created. The Treaty of Tordesillas neatly divided the “New World” of the Americas between the two superpowers.

What impact did Portuguese and Spanish explorers have on Europe?

What impact did early Spanish exploration have on the people of Europe? Europeans learned of a new world and that it was possible to sail completely around the globe. Spain earned great wealth from settlements in the “New World.” New crops were introduced to Europeans.

What factors and motivations led to Spanish and Portuguese expansion across the Atlantic Ocean?

Motivated by curiosity, a desire to expand into new places, a longing to spread Christianity, and especially, a hope to tap into the lucrative Far East trade, Europeans of the 15th and 16th centuries looked outward and began to explore their world.

How did the Spanish and the Portuguese establish their empires in the Americas so quickly?

How did the Spanish and the Portuguese establish their empires in the Americas so quickly? The Spanish exploited both the resentment of the Aztec subject peoples and the chaotic royal succession of the Inca. … The mass Amerindian deaths preceded the large-scale movement of Europeans and Africans to the Americas.

How did the Spanish and Portuguese conquest of South America differ?

How did the Portuguese experience in Brazil differ from the Spanish experience in Latin America? The coast was where the Portuguese mainly stuck, not only because they had a smaller population than Spain , but also they were not as advanced. The Spanish however were more so invaders and took land from the natives.

How did Portugal and Spain acquire their empires in the Americas?

How did Portugal and Spain acquire their overseas empires, and how did their empires differ? The Portuguese came to Africa and sold slaves. … Spain sent Christopher Columbus off to explore. When we thought he was in India, he discovered an entire new nation- the Americas.

What do Spain and Portugal have in common?

Since Portugal and Spain share the same peninsula, their landscapes and climate are similar. … Both countries have Mediterranean climates, meaning they are generally temperate, with warm summers and mild winters.

Are Portuguese and Spanish the same race?

Nuclear DNA analysis shows that Spanish and Portuguese populations are most closely related to other populations of western Europe. There is an axis of significant genetic differentiation along the east–west direction, in contrast to remarkable genetic similarity in the north–south direction.

Is Portugal and Spain the same country?

Although for a period between the 1500’s to the 1600’s the king of Spain also ruled over the country of Portugal, today Portugal is a completely independent country and both Spain as well as Portugal form part of the E.U. Although they have several similarities, don’t confuse them.

Where were the Spanish and Portuguese colonies in the Americas located?

The first European countries to begin colonizing the Americas were Spain and Portugal. Spain claimed and settled Mexico, most of Central and South America, several islands in the Caribbean, and what are now Florida, California, and the Southwest region of the United States. Portugal gained control of Brazil.

How did the Spanish and Portuguese make money in Latin America?

How did the Portuguese and Spanish make money from their Latin American colonies? … leaders in the Spanish conquest of the Americas. Conquistadors. The resulting exchange of plants and animals between Europe and the Americas.

Why was South America colonized by Spanish and Portuguese explorers?

Spain conquered and ruled vast areas in central and South America. Precious metals such as gold and silver, land and a large population to provide labour were the attractions.

Why were Spain and Portugal so interested in the Americas?

Spain also needed a faster way to get to Asia rather than over land or around Africa. Spain and Portugal both agree to a compromise on who should get what land in the Americas. This agreement was called the Treaty of Tordesillas. … He actually found continents unknown to Europeans, North and South America.

How were the first explorations of Spain and Portugal similar and different?

How were the first explorations of Spain and Portugal similar and different? Spain traveled more in the Atlantic ocean to the Americas, while Portugal traveled East. They were similar because both countries were exploring new lands. What were the results of Spanish and Portuguese conquests in the Americas?

How did Spanish colonization affect people in the Americas and in Europe?

More importantly, the native people themselves were parceled out to the conquistadors, who were given title to the land and its people in return for a promise to teach the natives Christianity. This system was heavily abused, and Native Americans throughout the Americas were reduced to a condition of virtual slavery.

Why and how did Spain and Portugal become bitter rivals in the discovery and colonization of new lands?

The rivalry between Spain and Portugal in the “Age of Discovery” caused Spain, a rising power, to seek a new route to Asia like the one Portugal had found around the southern tip of Africa. This led Spain to be receptive to the claims of Christoper Columbus that he could get to India by sailing west.

What factors and motivations led to Spanish colonization of the Americas?

Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.

Why did Spanish and Portuguese explorers survey the Caribbean and Central and South America before North America?

SPANISH EXPLORATION AND CONQUEST. The Spanish established the first European settlements in the Americas, beginning in the Caribbean and, by 1600, extending throughout Central and South America. Thousands of Spaniards flocked to the Americas seeking wealth and status.

How were conquistadors and Spanish missionaries similar?

Compare and Contrast New France and New Spain. … How were the conquistadors and the Spanish missionaries similar? They both brought Spanish influence and made conquests. Why was the presence of families such a crucial factor in the success of a settlement?

What were the reasons for the Spanish and Portuguese to be among the first to explore and colonize the New World?

The travels of Portuguese traders to western Africa also acquainted the Portuguese with the African slave trade, already widely in practice in West Africa and funded by sugar production on the newly colonized Atlantic islands.

How did the Spanish conquer and colonize the Americas?

Spain shifted strategies after the military expeditions wove their way through the southern and western half of North America. Missions became the engine of colonization in North America. Missionaries, most of whom were members of the Franciscan religious order, provided Spain with an advance guard in North America.

How did the Spanish and Portuguese conquests of South America differ quizlet?

How did the Spanish and Portuguese conquests of South America differ? The Spanish conquered civilizations rich in gold while the Portuguese discovered few riches. Which economic activity relied on the majority of Brazil’s enslaved Africans?

How did the conquest of Brazil by the Portuguese differ from the Spanish conquest in the New World?

The Portuguese colonization of Brazil was initially quite different from the Spanish conquest of the Americas. … Rather than launching large military campaigns to conquer empires, the Portuguese engaged in trade with native Brazilians and smaller-scale battles against rival groups.

How did Spain’s exploration and colonization in the Americas differ from England’s?

Spanish and French colonist were olny going to the americas for fur trads,gold and silver. England went there to get religious freedom and land. … The main reason for the English colonies to settle was for Religious Freedom. How did the Puritans and the Separatists differ?

How did the cultures of Spain and Portugal affect their colonies quizlet?

How did Spain and Portugal build colonies in the Americas? They conquered native peoples and used their land, resources, and forced labor to build colonies.

Why might Spain and Portugal have been willing to go to war over the issue of overseas exploration?

Why might Spain and Portugal have been willing to go to war over the issue of overseas exploration? The global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas.

How did the Golden Age of Spain communicate similar ideas to that of the Spanish colonization project?

The Golden Age of Spain communicated similar ideals to that of the Spanish Colonization project because they found the gold and silver and began to connect European nations through trade. Why did Spanish missionaries persecute the Pueblos and suppress their religious customs?

What is the difference between Spanish and Portuguese?

Portuguese has a lot of slurred sounds, it is a very fluid language, as opposed to Spanish, where words are more deliberate. … European Portuguese sounds very different from Brazilian or African Portuguese, and people in the rest of Latin and South America all speak Spanish but with a different twist.

How did Spain and Portugal split?

Spain and Portugal divided the New World by drawing a north-to-south line of demarcation in the Atlantic Ocean, about 100 leagues (555 kilometers or 345 miles) west of the Cape Verde Islands, off the coast of northwestern Africa and then controlled by Portugal. … All lands west of that line were claimed by Spain.

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Why are Spain and Portugal different?

However, Portuguese and Spanish differ mainly because of their different origins during the period following the Muslim conquest of Iberia and the advent of the Reconquista.

How Similar are Spanish and Portuguese? (UPDATED!!)

Ten Minute History – The Early Spanish and Portuguese Empires (Short Documentary)

How did Portugal and Spain Plan to “Conquer” the World?

Why wasn’t Portugal conquered by Spain?

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