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how were the spanish able to conquer and colonize the americas

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How Were The Spanish Able To Conquer And Colonize The Americas?

Spanish conquistadors, who were primarily poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain, were able to conquer the huge empires of the New World with the help of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), and military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful …

How did the Spanish conquer the Americas?

In 1519, two powerful empires – Spain and Mexica (Aztec) – were hungry for expansion in central Mexico. … Then the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés led an attack on the Mexica empire. Although the Spaniards had horses and guns, both unknown in the Americas, the Mexica outnumbered them five hundred to one.

How did the Spanish colonize the New World?

In 1493, during his second voyage, Columbus founded Isabela, the first permanent Spanish settlement in the New World, on Hispaniola. After finding gold in recoverable quantities nearby, the Spanish quickly overran the island and spread to Puerto Rico in 1508, to Jamaica in 1509, and to Cuba in 1511.

What was the main reason the Spanish were able to take control of the Americas?

The motivations for colonial expansion were trade and the spread of the Christian faith through indigenous conversions. The Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de Leon was an early invader of the Americas, traveling to the New World on Columbus’ second voyage. He became the first governor of Puerto Rico in 1509.

Why were the Spanish able to conquer the Aztecs?

Hernan Cortes was able to conquer the Aztec Empire by scaring the natives with the 16 horses, gaining alliances with the other enemies of the Aztec, having superior and better weapons than the natives (like guns), having armor, and having steel.

How did the Spanish conquered the Aztecs?

Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city. Cortés’s victory destroyed the Aztec empire, and the Spanish began to consolidate control over what became the colony of New Spain.

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Why were the Spanish able to conquer the Native American tribes so easily?

-The Spanish conquistadors were able to conquer Native American empires by spreading diseases to the Native Americans (have no immunity). … All of those things were able to help them conquer Native American empires.

How did Spanish missionaries serve as conquerors for the Spanish empire?

The missions created by members of Catholic orders were often located on the outermost borders of the colonies. The missions facilitated the expansion of the Spanish empire through the religious conversion of the indigenous peoples occupying those areas.

How did Spanish influence those they conquered?

When the Spanish conquered the Americas, they brought in their own religion. Hundreds of Native Americans converted to Christianity. Churches, monasteries, shrines and parishes were built. This was one of the Spanish’s main goals in colonization, as well as giving Spain more power.

Why did Spanish establish these colonies?

Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.

Why were the Spanish able to conquer the Aztecs quizlet?

Why were the Spanish able to defeat the great Aztec Empire despite their inferior numbers? It was because the Aztecs thought that they were gods so they would not harm them, the disease of smallpox was killing them, and they had better weapons like guns and steel swords.

How did the Spanish defeat the Aztecs and Incas?

Superior Weapons

Spanish weaponry was far superior to anything used by the Aztecs or Incas. Cortés and his men used over a dozen large portable guns, mainly for their shock value against the Aztecs. … Even less sophisticated weapons like steel-edged swords, pikes and crossbows, gave Spaniards the upper hand.

Which was a major impact of Spanish colonization of the Americas?

The destruction, dismantling, and dispersion of the missionized California Indians was further exacerbated by the genocide, kidnapping, and legalized servitude of Indians by European Americans.

Why were Spanish missions established during the period of colonization of the Americas?

Throughout the colonial period, the missions Spain established would serve several objectives. The first would be to convert natives to Christianity. The second would be to pacify the areas for colonial purposes.

How did the Spanish protect their missions?

To protect these missions as well as the mines and ranches of Mexico from attack from the north, the Spanish established presidios — fortified garrisons of troops. Franciscan priests founded a series of missions in Florida after 1573, mainly along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts.

How did Spanish colonization affect people in the Americas and in Europe?

More importantly, the native people themselves were parceled out to the conquistadors, who were given title to the land and its people in return for a promise to teach the natives Christianity. This system was heavily abused, and Native Americans throughout the Americas were reduced to a condition of virtual slavery.

How did the Spanish influence native peoples of the Americas?

Spanish leaders formed alliances with some of the Indian tribes and provided them with tools, crops, livestock, and arms. The new materials available to these tribes gave them superior weaponry over their enemies. As Indians acquired horses, they became more mobile.

How did Spain maintain control over its American colonies?

They probably sought to convert Indian leaders who exercised influence over the rest of the population. How did Spain maintain control over its American colonies? … They originally explored the area look- ing for gold; they colonized the area to create a defensive zone to keep other Europeans away from New Spain.

What motivated Spain’s conquest How were the Spanish able to succeed?

What motivated Spain’s conquest? How were the Spanish able to succeed? Cortes convinced Aztec emperor he was a god or Superior weapons and disease and had enemy natives of the Aztecs help. You just studied 13 terms!

How were Spanish colonies governed?

Conquistadores, soldiers, and mission- aries were the primary Spanish coloniz- ers; farmers and traders came later. Colonies were governed by crown- appointed viceroys or governors. Settlers had to obey the king’s laws and could make none of their own.

Why did the Spaniards conquer the Americas quizlet?

The idea of god (spreading of Christianity), GOLD (and other riches), and glory (claiming land for Spain.) … the spanish transformed the americas into colonies after they conquered them.

How did the Spanish conquer the Incas?

On November 16, 1532, Francisco Pizarro, the Spanish explorer and conquistador, springs a trap on the Incan emperor, Atahualpa. Pizarro’s men massacre the Incans and capture Atahualpa, forcing him to convert to Christianity before eventually killing him. …

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What were the main factors which enabled Spain to conquer the New World?

What Factors Helped the Spanish Conquistadors Conquer the New World? The Spanish managed to conquer the ew orld so easily because of many factors which include weapons and military technology, old world diseases, horses, military technique and experience, and ships.

What did the Spanish colonize?

Beginning with Columbus in 1492 and continuing for nearly 350 years, Spain conquered and settled most of South America, the Caribbean, and the American Southwest. … To add insult to smallpox, the Spanish explorers enslaved the Native Americans who weren’t killed and then took their natural resources.

What were the main goals of Spanish colonization?

Three goals of the Spanish colonization in the Americas were the spread of Catholicism, the increase of wealth, and the expansion of the Spanish empire.

What is the purpose why the Spaniards colonize the Philippines?

Spain had three objectives in its policy toward the Philippines, its only colony in Asia: to acquire a share in the spice trade, to develop contacts with China and Japan in order to further Christian missionary efforts there, and to convert the Filipinos to Christianity.

Why did the Spanish establish missions in Texas?

The general purpose of the missions was to “reduce” or congregate the often nomadic tribes into a settlement, convert them to Christianity, and teach them crafts and agricultural techniques.

What two goals did Spain hope to achieve by building missions Texas?

The Spanish Missions in Texas comprise a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholic Dominicans, Jesuits, and Franciscans to spread the Catholic doctrine among area Native Americans, but with the added benefit of giving Spain a toehold in the frontier land.

What did the missions help establish?

The missions created new communities where the Native Americans received religious education and instruction. The Spanish established pueblos (towns) and presidios (forts) for protection. The natives lived in the missions until their religious training was complete.

What did Spanish colonists build in the Americas to help convert people to Catholicism?

Answer: Spanish colonists built missions in the Americas to help convert people to Catholicism. Spanish colonists built missions in the Americas to help convert people to Catholicism. This answer has been confirmed as correct and helpful.

How did the Spanish treat the natives?

What did the Spanish do to the Natives? They enslaved them and took their food.

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What is the impact of Spanish colonizers to our culture?

Spanish Colonization (1565-1898)

Because Spain controlled the Philippines so early and for so long, they were a massive influence to the modern Filipino culture. The biggest influence still seen to this day is religion. The majority of religion practiced in the Philippines is still Roman Catholic, at 79.5%.

How did Spanish colonization affect social order in the Americas?

Spanish conquerors used their large plantations to force labor among African and Indian slaves. Somewhere along the line, the Spanish began to intermarry and discriminated against these laborers, which in turn created a new class system, and destroyed native cultures.

How did Spain’s exploration and colonization in the Americas differ from England’s?

Spanish and French colonist were olny going to the americas for fur trads,gold and silver. England went there to get religious freedom and land. … The main reason for the English colonies to settle was for Religious Freedom. How did the Puritans and the Separatists differ?

Spanish colonization | Period 1: 1491-1607 | AP US History | Khan Academy

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