how does the distance from the equator affect climate


How Does The Distance From The Equator Affect Climate?

The distance from the equator affects the climate of a place. At the poles, energy from the sun reaches the Earth’s surface at lower angles and passes through a thicker layer of atmosphere than at the equator. This means the climate is cooler further from the Equator.

What does the equator do to climate?

Equatorial Climates

Twice a year, during the spring and autumn equinoxes, the sun passes directly over the Equator. Even during the rest of the year, equatorial regions often experience a hot climate with little seasonal variation. As a result, many equatorial cultures recognize two seasons—wet and dry.

What happens when distance from the equator increases?

Latitude: Temperature range increases with distance from the equator. Also, temperatures decrease as you move away from the equator. This is because the suns rays are dispersed over a larger area of land as you move away from the equator. … Therefore coastal areas have a lower temperature range than those areas inland.

How is the climate near the equator different from?

There are different types of climate all over the world. Warmer ones are closer to the equator where the Sun’s heat is stronger. … Tropical climates are found near the equator. They are warm and humid and experience a lot of rainfall, particularly during their wet season, which can occur once or twice each year.

Why is the climate colder the further you get from the equator?

Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. In areas closer to the poles, sunlight has a larger area of atmosphere to pass through and the sun is at a lower angle in the sky.

What happens around the equator?

In the tropics, near the equator, warm air rises. When it gets about 10-15 km (6-9 miles) above the Earth surface it starts to flow away from the equator and towards the poles. … The, now, warmed air rises again, and the pattern repeats. This pattern, known as convection, happens on a global scale.

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What is the effect of location near the equator?

Countries, towns and cities located around the equator experience hot weather throughout the year. It is because the sun remains almost directly overhead everyday. Countries that are further North or South of the equator experience a change in seasons, when hot weather follows cold weather.

What is the relationship between a place and its distance from the equator?

One degree of latitude, called an arcdegree, covers about 111 kilometers (69 miles). Because of the Earth’s curvature, the farther the circles are from the Equator, the smaller they are. At the North and South Poles, arcdegrees are simply points. Degrees of latitude are divided into 60 minutes.

When the area is farther from the equator the air temperature is lower resulting in a cold climate?

When the place is farther from the equator, the air temperature is lower resulting in a cold climate. When the place is farther to the equator, the air temperature is higher which results in a warm climate.

Why do places near the equator have a hot climate?

Why is it hot at the Equator and cold at the poles? Due to the tilt of the Earth, the Equator is closer to the sun so receives more of its energy. The Equator has a smaller surface area so heats up quickly compared to the poles. There is less atmosphere to pass through at the Equator compared to the poles.

Can a place located near the equator have a similar climate as a place near the poles justify your answer?

1)Because the equator is closer to the sun. … the sun’s rays hit the earth’s surface at a higher angle at the equator. the sun is always directly overhead at the equator. 2)a)Weather is the combination of temperature, humidity, precipitation, cloudiness, visibility, and wind.

How is climates near the equator compare to climates near the North and South Poles?

For example, hot regions are normally closest to the equator. The climate is hotter there because the Sun’s light is most directly overhead at the equator. And the North and South Poles are cold because the Sun’s light and heat are least direct there.

Why do you think climate changes from the equator to the North or South?

Since the equator receives more sunlight than the poles, climate varies depending on its distance from the equator. However, we can also think about the climate of an entire planet. … Today, climates are changing. Our Earth is warming more quickly than it has in the past according to the research of scientists.

Why does the climate not change at the equator?

At the equator, there is a net surplus of energy – meaning more radiation is absorbed by the Earth’s surface than is emitted – which drives the hot, humid climate of the tropics. Generally, tropical climates do not vary in temperature throughout the year, but seasons can bring significant changes in rainfall.

How does the climate on the earth change while going from the equator to the pole?

Because rotation of the Earth around it’s axis causes day and night on Earth. … And when you go towards poles from equator, because the Earth’s axis is tilted poles receive less heat energy from Sun and the Sunrise and Sunset time also changes which causes a change in the climate.

Can you live on the equator?

The equator itself crosses the land or territorial waters of 14 countries. If you live on the equator you will experience the quickest rates of sunrise and sunset in the world, taking a matter of minutes. … While temperatures at the equator are very high, there is one single point on the equator where you’ll find snow.

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Has it ever snowed on the equator?

The mountain itself poses almost no altitude limits – Cayambe, a volcano in Ecuador reaches to 5,790 meters. … It is not even as high as some of its neighbours in Ecuador. But Cayambe is the only place on the equator that has snow.

Can you stand on the equator?

Visiting the Equator at Zero Latitude

The word ‘ecuador’ means ‘equator’ in Spanish – the invisible line of zero latitude passing through this small Andean country. The Middle of the World (Mitad del Mundo) where you can stand with one foot in the northern hemisphere and one foot in the southern hemisphere.

Why do areas closer to the equator?

Different parts of Earth’s surface receive different amounts of sunlight. The sun’s rays strike Earth’s surface most directly at the equator. This focuses the rays on a small area. Because the rays hit more directly, the area is heated more.

How is the equator related to the amount of sunlight a climate zone receives?

How is the equator related to the amount of sunlight a climate zone receives? Heat is directed more towards the equator, so a tropical zone located near the equator will have more sunlight.

What country is close to the equator?

The Equator passes through 13 countries: Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Sao Tome & Principe, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Maldives, Indonesia and Kiribati.

Is the equator the hottest place on earth?

So the concept that the hottest place on earth is around the equator and the coolest is on the poles is wrong. It is hotter in the desert than around the equator because the weather in the desert is very dry so when the temperature rises and it doesn’t rain the temperature will rise even higher ….

How do lines of latitude vary in length with distance from the equator?

As you move away from the Equator every degree latitude is a little smaller as you are no longer measuring the Earth circumference at the Earth’s widest point. The North Pole is 90 degrees north latitude and is actually just a point.

How does the equator divides the globe?

The Equator, or line of 0 degrees latitude, divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern hemispheres. … The prime meridian, or 0 degrees longitude, and the International Date Line, 180 degrees longitude, divide the Earth into Eastern and Western hemispheres.

When the place is closer to the equator What is the temperature of climate?

Places near Equator are very hot scorching they have hot ,humid and warm climate because the direct sunlight directly comes to the equator making the area hot….

When the place is closer to the equator the air temperature?

to calculate the middle amount among a group of numbers. scale for measuring surface temperature, used by most of the world, in which the boiling point of water is 100 degrees. all weather conditions for a given location over a period of time. height above or below sea level.

When the place is farther from the equator the air temperature is?

Air temperature decreases from the equator towards the poles.

How hot is it at the equator?

Average annual temperatures in equatorial lowlands are around 31 °C (88 °F) during the afternoon and 23 °C (73 °F) around sunrise. Rainfall is very high away from cold ocean current upwelling zones, from 2,500 to 3,500 mm (100 to 140 in) per year.

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Where is the hottest place on earth?

Death Valley, California, USA

The aptly named Furnace Creek currently holds the record for hottest air temperature ever recorded. The desert valley reached highs of 56.7C in the summer of 1913, which would apparently push the limits of human survival.

How does altitude of a place affect the climate?

Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.

Why is Equator Hot but Poles are Cold? + more videos | #aumsum #kids #science #education #children

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