how do you say if in spanish


Is there a word for if in Spanish?

Usually, “if” and its Spanish equivalent, si, are used to form what are known as conditional sentences.

How do you express if in Spanish?

Spanish conditionals usually involve the word si (if). Note the difference between this “si,” meaning “if” (no accent), and the “sí” with an accent, which means “yes.” There are two clauses, or parts, in a conditional: the if clause and the main clause. This is the same in English.

What tense is used with if in Spanish?

imperfect subjunctive
In this case, the “if” clause in normally in a past subjunctive tense, and the main verb is in a conditional tense. Present or future time situations. The imperfect subjunctive is used in the “if” clause, and the conditional in the main clause: Si yo fuera rico compraría un coche.

How do you write an if clause in Spanish?

These conditional sentences have two parts: the condition, or si clause, and the main or result clause which indicates what will happen if the condition of the si clause is met.

Si + Present Indicative.
si clause result clause
si + present indicative (possible condition) present indicative or future or imperative
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What is the difference between SI and sí in Spanish?

Si means “If”, whereas Sí means “Yes”.

What tense is Tuviera?

In Spanish, when the conditional tense is followed by si (“if”), the next verb is in a tense called the imperfect (past) subjunctive. In the following examples, tuviera is the past subjunctive form of the verb tener.

What does conditional mean in Spanish?

The conditional (condicional) is used to refer to hypothetical events. It occurs in polite requests and most frequently with si (if) clauses. It is most often translated as would in English.

Is there a first conditional in Spanish?

The first conditional is constructed similarly in Spanish and English and can be further divided into three subcategories: si + present, (then) present.

Oraciones condicionales: situaciones reales.
present si + present
future si + present
imperative si + present

What is the perfect tense in Spanish?

The Spanish perfect tense is formed using the present tense of haber and a past participle. In Spanish, the perfect tense is used very much as it is in English. The past participle of regular -ar verbs ends in -ado, and the past participle of regular -er and -ir verbs ends in -ido.

Do you use the subjunctive after if?

1. By far the most common use of the subjunctive is the use of the subjunctive after “if” clauses that state or describe a hypothetical situation. Subjunctive: “If I were a butterfly, I would have wings.” … Note that “when” usually takes the indicative after it, and “if” frequently takes the subjunctive.

What is the pluscuamperfecto del subjuntivo?

The past perfect subjunctive Spanish or pluperfect subjunctive (el pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo) is a mood that us native speakers use to talk about hypothetical situations that are related to the past.

How do you conjugate indicative in Spanish?

The indicative mood means that the sentence is a statement of fact. To conjugate a verb in the present indicative, remove the infinitive ending of the regular verb, in this case -ar, -er or -ir, and replace it with an ending that gives an indication as to “the person” that is performing the action of the verb.

How do you make a conditional sentence in Spanish?

How to form the Spanish conditional tense. The Spanish conditional tense is formed in exactly the same way as the Spanish future simple tense. You start with the infinitive form of the verb and then add a suffix depending on the person you are referring to.

How do you form a conditional sentence in Spanish?

To form the conditional tense, add the endings -ía, ías, -ía,-íamos, -íais, -ían to the infinitive. The conditional uses the same stem as for the future.

How do you use the conditional tense?

The first conditional is used to describe something that probably will happen if you do something else. This is for something that is realistically likely to happen. It requires the “if” clause to describe the condition that needs to take place, and is followed by main clause that tells you what will likely happen.

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What does Sí mean in Spanish without the accent?

It means “yes”. si: it is written without an accent, and it is pronounced using lower harmonics (in terms of frequencies), and much lower intensity than any typical word with a stress. It means “if”. To a native they sound as different as day and night (if pronounced correctly).

Does Sí have an accent?

Sí with an accent

1. An adverb that expresses affirmation. This usage is usually translated as yes. – ¿Quieres una cerveza? – Sí, gracias.

How do I type an accent I?

You’ll use the Ctrl or Shift key along with the accent key on your keyboard, followed by a quick press of the letter.

Insert Accented Letters with Keyboard Shortcuts.
Symbol Code
À, È, Ì, Ò, Ù Ctrl+` (Accent Grave), the letter
á, é, í, ó, ú Ctrl+’ (Apostrophe), the letter
Á, É, Í, Ó, Ú

How do you use Hubiera?

Past perfect subjunctive in the “if” clause, conditional perfect in the main clause:
  1. Si la hubiera visto, habría dicho algo.
  2. If I had seen her [I didn’t see her] I would have said something.
  3. Si hubieras venido, te habrías divertido mucho.
  4. If you had come [you didn’t come] you would have had a great time.

Is buscar a stem changing verb?

Buscar is a Spanish verb meaning to look for. Buscar is conjugated as an irregular verb in the preterite tense. Buscar appears on the 100 Most Used Spanish Preterite Tense Verbs Poster as the 34th most used irregular verb.

Buscar Conjugation: Preterite Tense.
yo busqué
vs. buscasteis
ellos/ellas buscaron

What is the conditional tense of saber?

Extra saber conjugation: conditional tenses
Subject Simple Conditional Conditional Perfect
Tu (You) Vos (Latin America) sabrías habrías sabido
Usted (You, formal) El/Ella (He/She/It) sabría habría sabido
Nosotros (We) sabríamos habríamos sabido
Vosotros (You, plural) Ustedes (Latin America) sabríais habríais sabido

What are Spanish Subjunctives?

The Spanish subjunctive mood (“el subjuntivo”) is used with impersonal expressions and expressions of opinions, emotions or points of view. It’s also used for expressing denial, disagreement or volition as well as for describing situations that are doubtful or unlikely.

What is imperfect Spanish?

The imperfect (imperfecto) is one of the two simple past tenses in Spanish. It is used for ongoing or recurrent actions in the past. It is also used for descriptions, states of being, and for providing background information about the past.

Is it present or past?

Technically, would is the past tense of will, but it is an auxiliary verb that has many uses, some of which even express the present tense.

Is present perfect tense?

The present perfect tense refers to an action or state that either occurred at an indefinite time in the past (e.g., we have talked before) or began in the past and continued to the present time (e.g., he has grown impatient over the last hour). This tense is formed by have/has + the past participle.

What is the vosotros form of IR?

Ir is one of only three irregular imperfect verbs.

The Preterit Tense of Ir.
Conjugation Translation
usted fue You (formal) went
nosotros fuimos We went
vosotros fuisteis You all (informal) went
ellos/ellas fueron They went
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What is the future tense used for in Spanish?

The Spanish simple future is used to talk about what will or shall happen. It is also used to express the possibility of what someone might or may be doing in the present. Check out these sentences with the simple future.

How do you use Preterito perfecto?

We use the“Pretérito Perfecto” when we are talking about actions or things that are related to the present: the day, the week, the month, Christmas. For example: For example: He trabajado mucho esta semana / I have worked a lot this week. “Esta semana”, todavía no ha acabado la semana (the week is not over yet).

What is the present progressive Spanish?

What in English is called “present progressive” in Spanish is called “perífrasis verbal” (verb phrase). This particular verb phrase is made up of the verb “estar” and a verb that ends in “ando” or “iendo”. The good news is that this “verb phrase” works very similarly to the present progressive you are familiar with.

How do you identify the perfect verbs in Spanish?

Spanish uses the auxiliary verb haber (“to have”) plus the past participle (called the “participio”) of the main verb to form the present perfect.

Is if she were correct grammar?

If the verb in the if clause is “to be,” use “were,” even if the subject of the clause is a third person singular subject (i.e., he, she, it).

Why do we say if I were?

“I were” is called the subjunctive mood, and is used when you’re are talking about something that isn’t true or when you wish something was true. If she was feeling sick… <– It is possible or probable that she was feeling sick. “I was” is for things that could have happened in the past or now.

How do you use v3?

Would have + past participle

1: Part of the third conditional. If I had had enough money, I would have bought a car (but I didn’t have enough money, so I didn’t buy a car).

What is the pluscuamperfecto de Indicativo?

Talking about the past (IV): Pluscuamperfecto de Indicativo (Past Perfect) 5.

Spanish Grammar – How to Say “IF” in Spanish

COMO SI – How to say AS IF in Spanish

Understanding the Conditional Tense in Spanish | The Language Tutor *Lesson 52*

How to say you “ran out of” something in Spanish

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