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a closed system, used for bacterial growth, where nothing is added and nothing is removed is called

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What is the lag phase in bacterial growth?

During lag phase, bacteria adapt themselves to growth conditions. It is the period where the individual bacteria are maturing and not yet able to divide. During the lag phase of the bacterial growth cycle, synthesis of RNA, enzymes and other molecules occurs.

Which choice illustrates best what occurs in the stationary phase of bacterial growth?

Which choice illustrates best what occurs in the stationary phase of bacterial growth? lag phase. The duration of logarithmic growth would increase if bacterial cells divided into three equal daughter cells rather than two. The lag phase does NOT occur if all the cells in the culture are viable.

Which of the following choices represents one of the most common reasons bacterial growth is limited in a batch culture?

Which of the following choices represents one of the most common reasons why bacterial growth is limited in a batch culture? The accumulation of waste products is toxic to cells. Growth stops when the environment is too metabolically stressful.

In which phase are the cells rapidly synthesizing proteins but cell numbers are not changing?

The initial phase of the growth curve is called the lag phase, during which cells are gearing up for the next phase of growth. The number of cells does not change during the lag phase; however, cells grow larger and are metabolically active, synthesizing proteins needed to grow within the medium.

What is log and lag phase?

bacterial growth curve

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During this period, called the lag phase, the cells are metabolically active and increase only in cell size. … This lag phase is the period when the bacteria are adjusting to the environment. Following the lag phase is the log phase, in which population grows in a logarithmic fashion.

What is synchronous growth in microbiology?

Synchronous Growth: Synchronous growth of a bacterial population is that during which all bacterial cells of the population are physiologically identical and in the same stage of cell division cycle at a given time. Synchronous growth helps studying particular stages or the cell division cycle and their interrelations.

What happens in the stationary phase of bacterial growth?

growth is followed by the stationary phase, in which the size of a population of bacteria remains constant, even though some cells continue to divide and others begin to die. … During the stationary phase, the rate of bacterial cell growth is equal to the rate of bacterial cell death.

What is the stationary phase?

Stationary phase is the stage when growth ceases but cells remain metabolically active. Several physical and molecular changes take place during this stage that makes them interesting to explore. The characteristic proteins synthesized in the stationary phase are indispensable as they confer viability to the bacteria.

Is a close association between individuals from two species that may be helpful harmful or neither to both members quizlet?

_______ is a close nutritional association between individuals from 2 species that may be helpful, harmful or neither to both members. Symbiosis. – In this case, the organisms are free-living but corporate and share nutrients for a beneficial result.

What term is used to describe the cloudiness of a broth culture?

What term is used to describe the cloudiness produced by bacterial growth in a tube of broth? turbidity. Place in order the steps required to inoculate an agar plate from a broth culture.

Which of the following is used to grow bacterial culture continuously?

Which of the following is used to grow bacterial culture continuously? Explanation: Chemostat is used for continuous cultivation. This system depends on the fact that the concentration of an essential nutrient within the culture vessel will control the growth rate of the cells.

How do bacteria compete with other bacteria in order to survive?

Bacteria often engage in ‘warfare’ by releasing toxins or other molecules that damage or kill competing strains. This war for resources occurs in most bacterial communities, such as those living naturally in our gut or those that cause infection.

During which phase of a microbial growth curve is the population growing fastest?

There are four basic phases of growth: the lag, log, stationary, and death phases. During the log phase, the population-doubling time is fastest.

Which of the following phases of the bacterial growth curve is matched with the correct definition?

(Q) Which of the following phases of the bacterial growth curve is matched with the correct definition? Answer: (2) log phase–the phase where organisms are actively dividing and the generation time is constant. … Answer: (2) 3 hours 20 minutes, producing 1,024 bacteria.

How do you determine the number of generations of bacteria?

The rate of exponential growth of a bacterial culture is expressed as generation time, also the doubling time of the bacterial population. Generation time (G) is defined as the time (t) per generation (n = number of generations). Hence, G=t/n is the equation from which calculations of generation time (below) derive.

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What is Diauxic growth curve?

Diauxic growth or diauxie or Diphasic growth is any cell growth characterized by cellular growth in two phases, and can be illustrated with a diauxic growth curve. … A diauxic growth curve refers to the growth curve generated by an organism which has two growth peaks.

What is lag phase and stationary phase?

Key Takeaways: Bacterial Growth Curve

The initial phase is the lag phase where bacteria are metabolically active but not dividing. The exponential or log phase is a time of exponential growth. In the stationary phase, growth reaches a plateau as the number of dying cells equals the number of dividing cells.

What is geometrical growth?

Geometric growth refers to the situation where successive changes in a population differ by a constant ratio (as distinct from a constant amount for arithmetic change). Context: … As with the exponential growth rate, the geometric growth rate does not take account intermediate values of the series.

Which method is used for the synchronous growth?

1. Centrifugation. One of the first methods for producing a synchronous culture by selection was the use of centrifugation to separate cells by size. Cells of a narrow size class were selected to produce the synchronized culture (the Mitchison–Vincent technique).

What is synchronous culture give different methods used for synchronous culture?

The newly growing cells are now all starting to grow at the same stage, and they are synchronized. For example, for photosynthetic cells, light can be eliminated for several hours and then re-introduced. Another method is to eliminate an essential nutrient from the growth medium and later re-introduce it.

What is the difference between synchronization and Asynchronization?

The main difference between synchronous and asynchronous data transfer is that in synchronous data transfer, the transmitter and the receiver are synchronized with the same clock pulse while in asynchronous data transfer, the transmitter and the receiver do not use a common timing signal.

What are the four phases of bacterial growth in a closed system?

Bacterial colonies progress through four phases of growth: the lag phase, the log phase, the stationary phase, and the death phase. The generation time, which varies among bacteria, is controlled by many environmental conditions and by the nature of the bacterial species.

What is bacterial growth curve in microbiology?

bacterial growth curve A curve on a graph that shows the changes in size of a bacterial population over time in a culture. … Samples are removed at intervals and the number of viable bacteria is counted. A logarithmic growth curve is plotted, which shows various phases (see graph).

What is the stationary phase in thin layer chromatography?

In TLC, the stationary phase is a thin adsorbent material layer, usually silica gel or aluminum oxide, coated onto an inert plate surface, typically glass, plastic, or aluminum. The sample is spotted onto one end of the TLC plate and placed vertically into a closed chamber with an organic solvent (mobile phase).

What is mobile phase and stationary?

In all chromatography there is a mobile phase and a stationary phase. The stationary phase is the phase that doesn’t move and the mobile phase is the phase that does move. … In paper and thin-layer chromatography the mobile phase is the solvent.

What is mobile phase?

The mobile phase is an inert gas that the sample is injected into that will carry it through the stationary phase, which is normally a solid. The sample solution is analyzed as it the mobile phases interacts and moves through the stationary phase.

What is chromatography used for?

Chromatography can be used as an analytical tool, feeding its output into a detector that reads the contents of the mixture. It can also be used as a purification tool, separating the components of a mixture for use in other experiments or procedures.

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Is a close association between individuals from two species that may be helpful?

Reason: Symbiosis refers to any close relationship between two organisms, not necessarily the specific one described here. Reason: Commensalism is a relationship between two organisms where one organism benefits and the other is unharmed.

Which term describes any close relationship between two organisms?

Symbiosis describes a close and long-term relationship between different species. At least one species will benefit in a symbiotic relationship. These relationships are often necessary for the survival of one or both organisms. There are three types of symbiotic relationships: mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism.

When microbes are in a close nutritional relationship?

When microbes are in a close nutritional relation in which one benefits while the other is harmed is called parasitism (answer choice A).

What term refers to the cloudiness of a bacterial culture?

Turbidity describes how light passes through a sample of liquid as a measure of how many particles are suspended in that liquid. … CLOUDY WATER IS MORE TURBID THAN CLEAR WATER. The higher the turbidity, the higher number of cells within the culture. Microbiologists use turbidity to measure the cell density of a culture.

What term is used to describe the cloudiness of a broth culture quizlet?

What term is used to describe the cloudiness of a broth culture? turbidity.

What is the term used to describe a broth culture that is evenly opaque or cloudy?

What is the term used to describe a broth culture that is evenly opaque or cloudy? turbidity. What is the term used to describe clumps of growth found floating within a nutrient broth tube? flocculent. What type of bacterial morphology do the bacteria in this image have?

Which of the following is used to grow bacterial cultures continuously 1 point Haemostat chemostat bacteria Cannot be grown in continuous culture thermostat?

Explanation: An alternative type of continuous culture to the chemostat is the turbidostat, where the concentration of cells in the culture is kept constant by controlling the flow of medium such that the turbidity of the culture is kept within certain, narrow limits.

What does the bacterium used to grow?

Many bacteria use the carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus or sulfur from their nutrient source to produce energy. … Scientists who grow bacteria in a laboratory use concentrated growth media containing readily available carbon, nitrogen, sulfur and phosphorus along with many vitamins and minerals.

Lecture 17: Biological treatment: BOD and Nutrient removal.

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